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Shipbuilding Terms

Shipbuilding Terms

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Published by: Mohammad Mainul Islam on Sep 27, 2012
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GLOSSARY OF SHIPBUILDING DEFINITIONSl.Access hole:Opening in any part of ship's plating used as a passageway while ship isunder construction or a passageway between sections of a double bottom tank.2.Advance:(Reference all maneuvering characteristics from Bowditch Vol. II) The distance avessel continues to travel on a course before responding to a change of helm. The distance thatthe ship has advanced in a direction parallel to the original course measured from the point wherethe helm was put over.3.Afterpeak:The compartment in the narrow part of the stern, aft of the last watertight bulkhead large effect on the trim of the vessel.4.Air escape hole:An aperture cut in the top of solid floors or tanks to prevent air locfrom inhibiting the free flow of liquid.5.Air port:A circular window with hinged glass in the ship's side of deckhouse, for light or ventilation; also called porthole.6.Angle clip:A short piece of angle bar used for attachment. Examples include sweat battons (Cleat), back boards, etc.7.Anneal:To relieve locked-up stresses by heating and gradual cooling.8.Appendages:The portions of the vessel extending beyond the main portion of the hulloutline including such items as the rudder, struts shafting, boss or bilge keels.9.Aperture:The space provided between rudderpost and propeller post for the propeller.10.Assemble:To put together sections of the ship's structure on the skids, in advance of erectionon the ways.11.Arch Line:Line used to scribe a curved portion of any structure12.Auxiliaries:Various winches, pumps, motors, and other small engines required on aship.13.Backing angle:A short piece of angle for reinforcing the butt joint or splice of two angles, placed behind the angles joined.14.Balk:A piece of timber from 4" to 10" square15.Ballast:(Indicate the materials employed) Any weight or weights (usually sea water) usedto keep the ship from becoming top-heavy or to increase its draught or trim. Materials:Fueloil, salt water, fresh water, poured cement, cement blocks, ingots, driller's mud.16.Base line:The fore and aft datum line from which all vertical heights are measured. Onriveted hulls its location is usually parallel to the top edge of the garboard strake. On welded
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hulls, it usually parallel to the top edge of the flat plate keel. however since this is a designer'soption the lines plan should be consulted to determine its exact location.17.Beam:An athwartship horizontal member supporting a deck or flat. Also, the extremewidth of the ship.18.Beam, deck:An athwartship horizontal member supporting a deck or flat. The usualdepth of a beam bracket is 2 1/2 times the depth of the beam.19.Beam, hatch:Portable beam across the hatch to support covers; also, strong beam at endsof hatch. Usually I beam stock.20.Beam, hold:Beams in a hold, similar to deck beams, but having no plating or plankingon them.21.Beam, knee:End of steel deck beam that is split, having one portion turned down and a piece of plate fitted between the split portions, forming bracket for riveted connection to sideframe.22.Bracket, margin:A bracket connecting the frame to the margin plates. page 6423.Beam, panting:An athwartship horizontal member supporting a deck or flat fitted to resist panting stress forward or aft.24.Bearding (Bearding line):A term applied to the line of intersection of the shell plating andthe stem or sternpost.25.Belt Gauging:Taking readings of plate thickness around several complete transversesections of the ship hull plating.26.Bending Moment:The moment of force which is generated by the position of weightsalong the hull girder.27.Bending rolls:A machine in which power-driven steel rollers are used to give cylindricalcurvature to plates.28.Bending slabs:Heavy cast-iron perforated slabs arranged to form a large floor on whichframes, etc., are bent, after heating in a furnace. Fig. 74, page 14329.Berth:A place where a ship is docked or tied up; a place to sleep; a bunk. Distance between bulkheads.30.Between decks:The space between any two continuous decks; also called 'tween decks.31.Bevel:The angle between the flanges of a frame or other member. Greater than a rightangle (90°) is called an open bevel; less than a right angle (90°) is called a closed bevel.32.Bilge:(Describe side bilges & bilge well systems) Curved section between the bottomand the side of the ship; the recess into which all water drains. Side bilge system is similar to a
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gutter or trough at the sides of the vessel. Bilge well systems in common use today water runs aftand is pumped out of the well or sump through the bilge system.-j3.Bilge keel:A fin fitted on the bottom of a ship at the turn of the bilge to reduce rolling.It commonly consists of a plate running fore and aft and attached to the shell plating by weldingor by angle bars. It materially helps in steadying a ship and does not add much to the resistance to propulsion.34.Bitumastic:elastic bituminous cement used in place of paint to protect steel in ballasttanks, hollow rudders, chain lockers.35.Boiler chock:Stay brace to prevent for-and-aft movement of boilers, also called rammingchock.36.Boiler saddle:Support for boilers.37.Bolster Plate:A plate adjoining the hawse hole to prevent chaffing of a hawser against thecheeks of the ship's bow.38.Booby hatch:Watertight covering over an opening on deck of a ship for a stairway or ladder.39.Bottom, double:The general term used for the space between the outer bottom and thetank top and margin plates. It extends transversely from bilge to bilge and longitudinally- fromthe forepeak to afterpeak tanks. The double bottom is subdivided into a number of compartmentscalled tanks which contain water, fuel or ballast.40.Bottom, inner:Plating forming the top part of the double bottom. In cargo holds it is thesurface upon which the cargo rests. Also referred to as the tank top.41.Bottom, outer:The bottom plating on the exterior of the ship's hull.42.Bounding Bar:A bar connecting the edges of a bulkhead to the tank top, shell, decks, or another bulkhead43.Bosom piece:A short piece of angle riveted inside a butt joint or two angles; butt strap for angle bars at; splice piece.44.Boss:The curved swelling portion of the ship's hull around the propeller shaft.45.Boss plate:Shell plate covering curved portion of hull where propeller shaft passesoutboard.46.Bracket:A triangular plate used to connect rigidly two or more parts, such as deck beam toframe or frame to margin plate.47.Bracket, bilge:A flat plate welded or riveted to the tank top or margin plate, and to the footof the frames in the area of the bilge; sometimes called a margin bracket.48.Bracket, deck beam:A triangular flat plate welded or riveted to the shell frame and the deck  beam where they terminate.49.Bracket, tangency:A bracket whose inner face is curved rather than straight to distribute
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