g.Landlessness is increasing forcing more and more people joining labor market every year.
a.At national level India is self-sufficient but inadequate at the householdlevel. b.Increase in food production mainly due to few crops like wheat & rice but production of bajra, barley etc has declined considerably (as these are thecorps used by poor in rural India).
a.Still 40% of India’s villages are without proper roads. b.1.8 Lac villages do not have primary schools within 1 km.c.4.5 Lac villages have drinking water problem.
a.Research extension systems are weak, no direct link between scientists andfarmers. b.Problems faced in the timely availability of improved seeds, fertilizers and pesticides in required quantity.c.Credit is major constraint, which adversely affects adoption of newtechnologies especially by the small farmers.
The rural industrialization has slowed down although the expenditure on ruralindustries increased from Rs.42/- crores (1
plan) to Rs.6334/- crores (8
plan). However %age of allocation decreased from 2.1% to 1.6%.Plan outlay on rural industrialization (Rs. Crore)