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ICT and New Range of Conflict: Online cooperation as an asymmetrical threat.

ICT and New Range of Conflict: Online cooperation as an asymmetrical threat.

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Published by Gregory Asmolov
One of Masters essays that was prepared for class at George Washington University
One of Masters essays that was prepared for class at George Washington University

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Published by: Gregory Asmolov on Sep 27, 2012
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04/11/2014

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1
ICTandtheNewRangeofConflict:
Online cooperation as an asymmetricalthreat.
Threecasestudies:Israel,Russia,Moldova.

Course:
Science,Technology&NationalSecurity
Professor
JamesA.Lewis
 By Gregory Asmolov MA Candidate, Global CommunicationElliott School of International Affairs
 
2
 The George Washington University May 5, 2009
The content:
Introduction ……………………………….…………………………………….……..3A literature review ……………………………………………………………........….6The battles for a story: Israeli case of “state-network” cooperation for advocacypurpose………………………………………………………………………………...16Russian-Georgian war: hacktivism, network collaboration and state’s role. …....22Moldova: The offline consequences of online cooperation.…….………….....…….31Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….…36References…………,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,……………………………………………...42
 
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Introduction.
OnJanuary20IwasstandingattheNationalMallwithmillionsofAmericansandforeignerswhodecidedtoseetheInaugurationof44
th
presidentoftheUnitedStateswiththeirowneyes.However,themostsignificantimpressionwasnotmadebytheinaugurationitself,butbythecrowd.Despitethehugenumberofpeopleitwasextremelywellorganized.OnmywaytotheMall,andback,everyseveralminutesIreceivedatextmessageonmyphonethatindicated,accordingtomylocation,whereIshouldgoandwhattherestrictionswere.Theeventwasuniquenotonlyduetothehugecrowdthatitgatheredbutalsobecauseitservedasanexamplethatinformationtechnologiescanmakeasignificantcontributionforcrowdmanagement.Inthecaseofinauguration,InformationCommunicationTechnologies(ICT)havemitigatedtheriskofchaosthatcanbecausedbytwomillionofpeoplethatgatheredinasameplace.However,onemightaskifcrowdmanagementtechnologiesareonlyasolutionforsecurityproblemsoralsoareapartofanewproblem.AccordingtotheWebster’sdictionarycrowdis“alargenumberofthingsclosetogether”and“agreatbodyofpeople”.TheInternetcreatedthegreatestcrowdinthehumanhistory.First,itisagreatbodyofpeople(1,596,270,108people,accordingtotherecentstatistics
1
).Secondly,theyaresharingthesamespacewhichmakespeopleasnodesinoneglobalnetworkthatprovidesanoptionforimmediateconnectionwithoneanother.Therefore,

1
http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm

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