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OER_Full

OER_Full

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Published by: tech2click on Jan 17, 2009
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05/10/2014

 
اهلبقتسمو اهعو :ةحوتفم ةيميلعت دروم
ةفيلخا نميلس تب ده .د تمولعماو سحا ول ةيلك – تمولعما ةيق س دوعس لما ةعمج 
ةمدقم 
لطصم ش ( ةحوفما ةيساردا هما
OpenCourseWares
مخا تاوسا رثكب )ةكبش ىل حرط ي ةيسارد دحو وأ ميلع م  لطصما اذه زمري يح ،ةيضما.ةحوفم ةصخر تحو جم ترااذ ورشم ،ةيرشبا ةقثا ير  دئار ًم ةحوفما ةيساردا هما ورشم ربا شويسم دعم أدب ذا
2001
( ةيريخا تيوليه ةسسؤم ب ث لحم وسم ىل  
Hewlett Foundation
 )
2002
( ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ىمسم تح  
OpenEducational Resources
دش ريبك يقثو يميلع ح كش ،م وسم ىل ).صصخ لخم ىل ترا ةكبش مدخسم ذهتسسؤماو دهعماو تعمجا تاربخ ا ديأ نيب تعضو ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوماةوحمو م دفس ىدأ اذهو ،جم ةيميلعا هما يمصو ءب  دئارا ةيميلعا.تسسؤما ذه  ميلعا وسما تارجم ئا وم نيبيو ( ةحوفما ةيساردا هما
OCW Consortium
)
1
نم رثكأ ه نأ
120
ةفسل نأ عي مم .ترا ةكبش ىل ةحوفم ةيسارد همب ةكرشم ةيميلع ةسسؤم حم لعجو لعا رشب ةمما ةيميلعا تسسؤما نيب جاور  تأدب ةحوفما هما.راو نودب يمجل 
 
وس ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ةكرحب ي وا روحما :نييسيئر نيروحم ةروا ذه  ث .يمهأو فسلو ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما وفم ىل ءوضا قلس يح ةم عا  م ،ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ةقث رش  هرودو ةلفا تاردبما نم دد رعسس خرل ةروا رطس مك .ةيرشبا ةرعما دق  ةكرحا ذه ثم ةيمهأ ىل ديكاةكرحا ذه جاو ا تيدحاو رفا ركذ م ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما رش ةكمماثا روحما  مأ .وفم ميلع دروم أ ءب تاوطخ ىل رع ريخأو .لبقسمو ةيميلعا دراومب ةمهسما  ةيبرعاو ةيلحما رجا نم دد ارعسا ىل زكرس ارا م برعا عا ةكرحا ذه ثم ب رع ا تيدحاو تبقعاو ةحوفما.تيصوا نم ضعب 
1
ةحوتفم ةيميلعت دروم ةكرح )
ةروا نم ءزجا اذه  ،هدوجو ةجحاو ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ةكرحب يرع وس ذ ةحما رفاو تيدحا رعس ث جذمو ةورعما تاردبما نم ددع رطس مك .ةكرحا ذه بقسم ركذب ءزجا اذه خ اريخأو .ةكرحا
1.1
؟ةحوتفم ةيميلعت دروم  ام )
ب ،ةيميلعا ةيلمعا  سي ذا وحما ىل ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما يرع رصقي ( ه ةمم اوج ث مشي ذ دعي 
OECD, 2007
:)
1.
ميلعت ىوتحم
،ةيسردما كاو ،وردا ططخو ،ساردا ما داوم ثم :.ّلعاو يلعا د ا هريغو تقماو 
2.
ود
ج ىإ ميلعا وحما ادخساو إ  دس ا ماربا ثم :تسرمم ةحوفما ةكرشماو نرما وعا لعا س ا ةحوفما تيقاهردصمو ئمز ركأ ضأ نم دفسا نم نيملعما نكم او يردا،نو يك( مادخسا دإو ةيميلعا
2007
.)
3.
دروم:ةيذيفنت
يخرو ةيميلعا تسرمماو يلعا دوج نمض ةمزا( ةيميلعا دراوما
Johnstone, 2005
.)
 
ىل يمجا صحي نأ نم دب ب دقا ىل ةيبم ةفسل ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ىبو ةفسلفا ذه .ئاو نود ةيميلعا دراوما يزو دإو نيسحو يصخو معسا  ةيرحا( 'فا' وفم ىل ةمئقا
Openness
نأ  بي ةرعما نب ةلئقا ركفا ىل وق )( كك مجما ص ترا ةكبش خ نم ةيرحب رشو رش 
Yuan et al, 2008
.)د ا بسا جر ؟ةكرحا ذه  ةمهسمل تسسؤماو خشا دي ذا م نكو دو .ةيصخش ىحو ةيدصاو ةيرعم :حاو د ىإ ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراومب ةمهسمل ةيماو دصا نوعا ةمظم تم 
OECD (2007
تسسؤما ىل ةيحسم ةسارد معب ) صخ او بسا ذه ةيهم نيب ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما ةكرح تمهس ا:ا
.ةرعما رش  ميدكا رعا م ىشمي ةرعما سق ن رثيا أدبم يقح 
.جإ ةفلك فخ ضيأو ،كرشم يرط ن دراوما دوج ر  دسي 
.طا ذج بو ةيميلعا تسسؤمل يوساو نا  سي 
.مادخسا ةعبم ةيكمإ قحيو ةيميلعا دراوما إ ةلج رسي ( صخشا وسما ىل مأ
Hylén, 2007
رشا ىل وصحا  بسا ثم دق ).ريقفاو ةيما ودا دسمو لعا رش  ضيأو ( ثم ةحوفما ةيميلعا دراوما تكرح نم تئما ،ويا ترا ىل دجويو 
Wikibooks
و ,
Connexions
وعا او ةكرشما نم يكم تمدخو ركبم تاودأ دوجو م ،)( ا ىل تكرحا ذه تزكر دو .ةيميلعا دراومل 
Gurell, 2008
:)
.ةيوثاو ةيئادبا وفصل جم ةيساردا كا ضو 
.نيملعماو نيفؤمل دراوما يخر طيسب 
.مادخساو هدجيإ سي ىح ةيميلعا داوما ةسرو يل 
.ترا ىل نيفؤماو نيملعما تعمجم رود زيزع 
.جمو ةكرحك وفما يلعا دو 

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