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Iron and Manganese Ore in India

Iron and Manganese Ore in India

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Published by madanmohandeshpande
It is a brief summary of Iron and Manganese ore and their production
It is a brief summary of Iron and Manganese ore and their production

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Published by: madanmohandeshpande on Sep 28, 2012
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The Iron and Manganese ores are the major raw materials for steel industry. Hence, a brief profile of Indian steel industry of the country is discussed below.
Steel is an important indicator to analyze the economic development of the country. Thesteel industry is highly scientific and technology oriented. Technology advancement is veryimportant for the over all health of steel industry. The Indian steel industry has come long waysince its humble beginnings. The take over of 
British steel giant Corus
steel by
Tata Steel
and acquisition of 
Arcelor by Mittal Steel
heralded a new beginning for the Indian steelindustry. These events signify the fact that the Indian steel industry has acquired a globalidentity and today it is extremely competitive globally.The steel industry in India has been moving from strength to strength and according to theAnnual Report 2009-10 by the Ministry of Steel, India has emerged as the fifth largest producerof steel in the World and is likely to become the second largest producer of crude steel by2015-16.Recently, Mr Virbhadra Singh, Minister for Steel, said that India will become the world'ssecond-largest steel producer by 2012, with a capacity of 124 million tonnes (MT) as part of the push being given to assist overall infrastructure development.
 India's steel production during 2009-10 was 64.88 million tonnes (MT), up 11 per cent froma year ago, according to Mr A Sai Pratap, Minister of State for Steel.During the second quarter ended September 2010, steel majors Tata Steel and SteelAuthority of India Ltd (SAIL) reported a high growth in steel sales. SAIL registered sales of 3.17 MT in the period under review, while Tata Steel's total sales for the quarter stood at 1.66MT which is around 14 per cent higher than the corresponding quarter last year.Meanwhile, JSW Steel's production during the quarter grew by 8 per cent to 3.14 MT on theback of a steady rise in demand. 
The domestic steel consumption grew by 9.8 per cent to 29.82 MT during April-September2010 over the year-ago period, on the back of steady demand from sectors like automobile andconsumer durables. As per the provisional data from the Ministry of Steel, consumption was at27.15 MT in the same period a year ago. In September 2010, steel consumption rose 4.1 percent to 4.72 MT, against 4.53 MT in the year-ago.India is one of the richest sources of Iron ore deposits in the world. Iron ore, which is alsoknown as hematite, occurs in abundance in the country. Iron ore reserves account for almosttwo-third of the entire Iron ore reserves in India. Interestingly, India holds a leading position inthe list of leading Iron ore reserve countries. Moreover, the Iron ore reserves are easilyaccessible and also high grade. They are also good for smelting as they are free from impuritieslike Phosphorous and Sulphur. Iron ore is vastly distributed throughout the country but its hugedeposits are concentrated only in few selected districts.
Of the total Iron ore reserves in the country, Chikkamagaluru inKarnataka,Singhbhum inJharkhand,Sundargarh and Kendujhar inOrissa, Bellary District,ShimogaandGoaaccounts for a major portion. Further, inBiharand Orissa, huge deposits of Iron grade Iron ore occur ashuge masses that rise above the adjoining plains. Some of them are located within a closeproximity to the coal fields. Iron ore generally occur near top of the hills and thus aerialroadways are used by the Iron ore companies to bring down the ore and for pumping it directlyinto the railway carriages. Singhbhum district in Bihar and the neighbouring districts of Mayurbhanj, Sundargarh and Keonjhar constitute the richest high grade Iron reserves.In India, the chief mining centres are Sulaipat and Badampur inMayurbhanj DistrictinOrissa and Gua and Noamundi in Singhbhum district in Jharkhand. The Iron ore from thesemines is supplied to the Iron and Steel works located atJamshedpur,Durgapur,Asansoland Raurkela.The Rajhara and Dhali Hills located south of Bhilai Steel Works are other majorsources of Iron ore with huge iron content. These hills provide Iron ore to the Bhilai SteelWorks. Moreover, apart from these places, there is a large high-grade Iron ore deposit atKemmangundiin the Bababudan Hills of Chikmagalur districtin Karnataka. This deposit is used for supplying Iron ore to Steel plant located at Bhadravati.
Interestingly, Iron ore found in Goa is basically of high grade and is situated in closeproximity to the port of Marmagao. Rich deposits are also found in other areas of the country.Like for instance, eastern region of Madhya Pradeshand adjacent districts of Maharashtra,rich deposits of iron ore or hematite occur at a number of places. Hematite occurring in regions likeRowghat and Bailadila inBastar Districtand Lohara and Pipalgaon inChandrapur Districtare generally very large. After the iron belt of Orissa and Bihar, Bailadila and Rowghat constitutethe richest high grade iron ore area.Mining of iron ore on modern lines has been started in the country. Mines in differentplaces have been made fully mechanized and also export oriented. The mines are fullyequipped with modern machinery. Other areas with sizeable deposits of iron ore occur are theSalemand Ratnagiri districtsKudremukhin Chikkamagaluru district. These regions consist of  low grade magnetite iron ore. Iron ore mines in Kudremukh hills are very developed. Fewplaces inAndhra Pradeshlike Kurnool andAnantapurdistricts and Palamau in Bihar also produce small proportion of Iron ore. Production of Iron ore in the country has also increasedwith the passage of time.Manganese ore is produced in huge quantity in India. Rather, it can be said that thiscountry is one of the chief producers of Manganese ore in the world. Manganese ore isprincipally used in the manufacture of Ferro-Manganese and steel. Moreover, it is also used insmall quantities in paint and glass. In dry cell batteries, Manganese dioxide is used. The annualproduction of Manganese ore is huge and it ranges enormously. Manganese ore is basicallymined inMadhya Pradesh,Andhra-Pradessh, Orisssa, Maharashtra and Karnataka.Though the Manganese ore occurs at different places in the Indian Plateau, but it is foundin large quantities inBhandara,NagpurandBalaghatdistricts. These places are situated close to each other in the central and western regions of the country. Of the total Manganese orereserves in the country, Balaghat-Nagpur-Bhandara Manganese belt accounts for a hugeportion. Orissa is considered as the leading producer of Manganese ore in the country. In thisstate, Manganese ore is mainly mined in Keonjhar and Sundargarh districts. These two districtsare leading Manganese ore producers with huge tonnes of production. After Orissa, Karnatakais the second leading producers of Manganese ore in the country. Here, Manganese ore ismainly mined inBellary District, Shimogaand North Kanara districts. Further,Nagpurand Bhandaradistricts of Maharashtra, Balaghatdistrict of Madhya Pradeshare other important

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