German Comparative Grammar
As it is well known, German linguistics and the comparative studies occupied theleading position in the field of language investigations during the nineteenth century. OldBulgarian was introduced into the main stream of the world linguistics by the famous andworld-known August Schleicher (1821
1868).In 1852 Schleicher published a book on the morphology of Church Slavonic
. As canbe seen fron its title:
, in this work Schleicher was still using the term Church Slavonic (Kirchenslawisch), but he presented thearguments of
Pavol Jozef Šafárik
which were in favor of Bulgarian character of the language.As Franz von Miklosich
, the other great philologist, tried to motivate the theory of Slovenelanguage as the fundament of Slavonic written language, August Schleicher pointed, betweenthe other arguments, the Bulgarian
št (< *tj) and žd
common features of “Church
nic” and the New Bulgarian dialects (p. 28).
Later August Schleicher published his main work
Compendium of the Comparativegrammar of the Indo-European Languages
first edited in 1861/1862, and in 1866 a newrevised edition appeared in the same publisher house. Unfortunately, only the second editionis at our disposal.
In his famous “
made a distinction between
(Kirchenslawisch), as, according to his explanation:
Church Slavonic may be called the younger form of this language, modified under theinfluence of other Slavonic languages, particularly
(p.6, footnote 2).But the object of the comparative study of August Schleicher is the Old Bulgarian
„Altbulgarische Sprache‟, as the a
uthor thoroughly designated this classical form of the oldestSlavonic language. As a synonym of the preferred term Old Bulgarian the author pointed outthe term
and in German linguistics until the present day the term
is the main term, sometimes followed be the term
, given inbrackets.After
the Schleicher‟s very influential studies, the term
became thepreferred term in the German linguistics and I would allow myself to point out some examples.In 1910 the well-known
“Young grammarian” (
Junggrammatiker) August Leskien(1840
1916) published in Heidelberg
Handbuch der altbulgarischen (altkirchenslavischen)
and in 1962 it already had its eighth reprint
Erklärend und vergleichend dargestellt.
Franz von Miklosich or Franjo Miklošič (1813 –
1891), Slovenian philologist.
Compendium der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen.
Kurzer Abriss der indogermanischen Ursprache, des Altindischen, Altiranischen, Altgriechischen, Altitalischen, Altkeltischen, Altslawischen, Litauischen und Altdeutschen.
) (2 vols.) Weimar, H. Boehlau (1861/62)
Kirchenslawisch nennt man die jüngere, durch Einfluss anderer slawischer Sprachen, vor allem desrussischen, veränderte Form diser Sprache.
A. Leskien, Handbuch der altbulgarischen (altkirchenslavischen) Sprache, 6. Aufl., Heidelberg 1962