Rotary Wing Transportation System Alternative Supply for Steep Mountain Range at Papua
R. Didin KUSDIANAssociate ProfessorDepartment of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Sangga Buana YPKP Bandung, IndonesiaEmail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Many of Papua people have been living around top mountain range since a long time ago. They live in theirwide spread villages, which the distance between each-other villages are far enough. To held the equity publicservices for the people of middle mountain area of Papua will need transportation system that can reachpeople at all village with no exception. Because of topographic condition of this service area is strongly steep,it will be very difficult and expensive to build continuous wide spread road network that can reach all spot of living area. In the other view the development of wide spread continuous surface transport will find a seriousconflict with environ mental conservation, Rotary Wing air transportation system is one alternative which canconsider to avoid the conflict between region growing improvement and conservation interest.
: wide spread villages, steep mountain range, conservation interest, rotary wing transportationsystem
The function of transport is including development of civilization, economic role, social role, and politicalrole. Transport as a system or in ‘total’ term will, therefore, be considered, not in any abstract sense but as atangible service to the community (Faulks, 1992). There is always need one or more reason to develop orimprove the transport system of the region, but in reality it is not always easy to find a complete or perfect setof reason. For example if the economic scheme is must be the main or important reason, it will be difficult forsome region to improve community’s quality of life by improve it transport system. This case especially willhappen in ‘left behind’ region of development country. These region usually has little amount of population,but still has equally important in political and social view as a part of country and nation, and as entity of human life for each people in population.This paper is written a part of study of transportation system for middle mountain range in province of Papua,Indonesia.
2. GEOGRAPHIC AND DEMOGRAPHY CONDITION OF STUDY AREA
The study area means in this case is a part of the province of Papua, Indonesia which take a place in themiddle of it. The geographic condition of it is mountain range. Because of this geographic condition inIndonesian it call ‘Wilayah Pegunungan Tengah’, means ‘Middle Mountain Region’. Furthermore, it can betell that this area is only not mountain area, but steep mountain area. The steep condition of this mountainrange is special extreme characteristic of topographic condition which strongly influence to the reliability,workability, or at least level of difficulty of planning, survey, design, and, construction of surfacetransportation, including it cost. And also, in this area there is mapped or took a place an important forestconservation area, called ‘Taman Nasional Laurenz’. Again this reality make more dilemmatic situation forsurface transportation planning decision.Even this area can be tell as a difficult environmental for human life, but in reality people life in wide spreadof this mountain range. According to Indonesia’s constitution, all of citizen life anywhere in Indonesia eachhas same or equal knit of quality of live improvement.