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War Machine No.21 - Modern Assault Rifles

War Machine No.21 - Modern Assault Rifles

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Published by Inveteratus
English edition of Maquinas de Guerra No.21 - Fusiles de Asalto Modernos
English edition of Maquinas de Guerra No.21 - Fusiles de Asalto Modernos

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Published by: Inveteratus on Sep 30, 2012
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06/02/2013

 
An
@RB|S
Fubliection
IR.&1
Aus$1.9s NZ$2.?5
SA
R.1.95
Sing$4.50
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The
Infantry
tsattle
for
the
FalkXands
The
ffll6
in
Aetion
The
Assault Rifle
inGuerrillaHands
 
s
Volume2
Issue
2l
PublishedbyOrbis
PublishinoLtd
@Aerospace
P"ublishjnq
Ltd
1984
Editorial
OfficesWar
Machine
Aerospace
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td
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in
Great Britain
bvTheArtjsan
press
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don
&
Gotch(Aus)
Ltd,
114
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/
Langbanr
Avenue,
Rise
Park,
Nottjngham
NG5
58U,tngland.
CONTENTSModernAssaultRifles
Steyr5,56-mmAUG
FAMAS
FNFAlandL,lAl
The
Infantry
Battleforthe
Falklands
5.56-mm
IndividuallVeapon(lW)XI?0E2
Ml6andM16Al
ArmaliteAR-i8TheM16inAction
RugerMinr-14
V2,58
AK-47andAI0rl
TheAssaultRifle in
Guenilla
Hands
AK-74
GalilurdR4
BerettaART0Heckler
undKochG3
Heckler
undKoch
Gl
I
402402
403
404
407408408409
4r3
413
4t4
415
4t8
4r84r9
420
420
Distributionand marketinq
offices:Orbis
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US-Army.
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ArmyCOt
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vra
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Steyr
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vra
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v:a
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/School
of
In'artry
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Aimedforces.
404:
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coypress
Association.406:
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I
t
 
ilodern
Assauff
Rifles
Since
the
tun
of
the
cenfrtty,
and
largely
as
a result
of
expertence
gained
&tring
colonial
wars,
conventional
military
fitiln/ring
held
that
the
infantry
ifle
must
be
acalorate
at
longnnge,
Strangely,
the
relatively
short-range
fightingin
the trenchesof
World
War
I
made
little
impact upon
prevailing
opinion. As a resultofthe
lessons
of
the
firctyeat's
of
WorldWat II,
howeve4
a
radical
re-appraisalof
infntry
doctrinewasrequfued.
Themodern
assault
rifle
had
its roots
in
the
novel
art
of
combat analysis
(carried
out
by
the Germanarmy
after
1939)
coupled
with
ammunitiondevelopment
carried
out
by
the Germanconcern
of Polte.
Thecombatanalysis
revealed
that
most
infantry combatstookplace
at
ranges
well
below
400
m
(435
yards),
yet
the standard infantry
rifle
of the day was
deslgned toperformat
ranqes
up
to
over
1000
m
(1,095
yards).
The
short-rangecombat
did
not
need such
a
powerfulcartridge
as
the
existingrifles
so
the
Polteammunitron developments
were
studied
to
reveal
a
potentialcartridge
that
wouldbe efficient
at
the short
range.
The resultant
cartridgeproduced
such
iow recoil
forcesthat automaticfire from
a
hand-held rifle
was
possible,
and from thisthe
modern
assaultrrJle
was born.The modern
assault
rifle
uses
a
cartrldge
thatis
adequate
for
infantrycombat at ranges
up to
about
400m
(435
yards)but
no
more.
Most
ofthesecartridqes
are
smallerand
lighter
than
conventional
rifle
car-
trldges, andcan
thus
be fired
in fully
automatic
bursts to
provide
a
considerable
increase
in
fire
powerover
single-shot weapons but
yet
canbe used for aimedsingle-shot
fire
when
required,
Since
the
recotl
forces
are usually
relatively
low
the
construction
ofthe
assault
rrfle
need
not
be
very
robust,
with
consequent benefits in light
weight
and simpie
mass
production
methods. Por
all
thatsome
modern
assault
rifles
are
very
well
manufacturedand are
very
robust, thoughothers
follow
the
A
typicalVietnam
situation,
with
the
soldier
in
the
foregroundkeeping his
M
I
64
1
well
clearof
the
water.
He
is
wearingbandoliers
of
7.6
2
-mmanmunitionfor
the section M60machine-gun.
In
such
conditions thelight weight
andhandinessof
themodern
assault
rifle
came
to
the
fore.
sheet
steel and
stampingsapproachadopted
by
many
of the
later
sub-machine
gnrn
designs,
Tacticallythe
assault
rifle
has
had aconsiderable
impact,
A
singleinfantry
fire
section
can
now
producefirepower
that
would have
been
inconceivableonly
a
few
yearsago and this had
led
to
the
firesaturatlon
tacticsoftenemployedto neutralizeenemy
positions
and
movement,
Thus
theearlypromise
of
lighter
ammunition loads
for the laden
lootsoldier
has
been
replaced
by extra numerical
ioads
of
cartridge carried
on
theperson.
But
now
a
relativeiy
smallnumber
of
mencan laydovm
defensive
fire
tohalt an
attack
yet
advance
rapidly firingbwsts
ofautomatic
fire
to
overcome opposition;
in
both
cases the
expenditure
ofammunition
can
be
considerable,
In
irregn:lar
or
grLrerrilla
hands
theassault
rifle
is
a
formidableweapon capable
of
spraying fireover
a
lethalradius
in
a
very
short
time
andthen vanishing,
for
the
assault
rifle
is
a
relatively
smallweapon
The assault
rifle
has
largely replaced
the
sub-machlne
gnrn,
forthe
two
providethe
same
product
(automatic
fire
at
short ranqes
for
close-quartercombat)yet
the
assault
rifle
can aiso
provide
useful
flre
at
ranges
up
to
400
m
(435 yards).British infantry
with
their
L
I
A
I
s'de-bus'
Irom
their
FV432
armoured
personnel
carrier.
They
usually 'de-bus'
about
400 m
from
the
enemy
position.
:ti
\
-';j.;:

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