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Social Change

Social Change

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Published by Haqiqat Ali
a small paper on social changes
a small paper on social changes

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Haqiqat Ali on Sep 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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2012
HAQIQAT ALINIFT-HYDERABAD9/20/2012
Social change and Education
 
Introduction to Social Change
ocial change builds community-based responses that address underlying social problemson an individual, institutional, community, national and/or international level. Socialchange can change attitudes, behaviours, laws, policies and institutions to better reflect values of inclusion, fairness, diversity and opportunity. Social changeinvolves a collective action of individuals who are closest tothe social problems to develop solutions that address socialissues.Example:Casa de Esperanza is a Latina based organization in Saint Paul that focuses on mobilizing Latinas to end domestic violence and abuse. The social change it works on inchanging systems of domestic violence and abuse in theLatino community. The systems in place can be: notionsof manhood, gender, language, and family.Social change refers to an alteration in the social order of a society. It may refer to the notion of social progress or socio cultural evolution, the philosophicalidea that society moves forward by dialectical or evolutionary means. It may refer to a paradigmatic change in the socio-economic structure, for instance a shift away from feudalismand towards capitalism. Accordingly it may also refer to socialrevolution, such as the Socialist revolution presented inMarxism, or to other social movements, such as Women'ssuffrage or the Civil rights movement. Social change may bedriven by cultural, religious, economic, scientific or technological forces.
S
Rapid social change is a fact of our times. Some changes arebeing controlled, blocked or  facilitated by the legislation.Other changes take place under the guidance of local social workers or health officers. Suchchanges are mapped, studied or  planned by the social scientist.Religion sometime can affect change by appealing to theconscience of mankind.
 And there are those who dare toassert that education has some effect on social change.
 
Historical background
Several ideas of social change have been developed in various cultures and historical periods. Three may bedistinguished as the most basic:
 
The idea of decline or degeneration, or, in religious terms, the fall from an original stateof grace.
 
The idea of cyclic change, a pattern of subsequent and recurring phases of growth anddecline.
 
The idea of continuous progress.These three ideas were already prominent in Greek and Roman antiquity and havecharacterized Western social thought since that time. The concept of progress, however, hasbecome the most influential idea, especially since the Enlightenment movement of the 17thand 18th centuries. Social thinkers such as Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot and the marquis deCondorcet in France and Adam Smith and John Millar in Scotland advanced theories on theprogress of human knowledge and technology.Progress was also the key idea in 19th-century theories of social evolution, and evolutionism was the common core shared by the most influential social theories of that century.Evolutionism implied that humans progressed along one line of development, that thisdevelopment was predetermined and inevitable, since it corresponded to definite laws, that some societies were more advanced in this development than were others, and that Westernsociety was the most advanced of these and therefore indicated the future of the rest of the
 world’s population. This line of thought has since been disputed and disproved.
 
Following a different approach, French philosopher Auguste Comte advanced a “law of threestages,” according to which human societies progress from a theological stage,
which isdominated by religion, through a metaphysical stage, in which abstract speculative thinking ismost prominent, and onward toward a positivist stage, in which empirically based scientifictheories prevail.

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