CONTEMPORARY LEGAL TRENDS IN MUSLIM WORLDIntroduction:
This lecture was part of series of five lectures delivered by Sir J.N.D. Anderson in 1959.The lectures were compiled under the head of
“Islamic Law in the Modern World”
.To give an idea about the contemporary trends in the Muslim world Mr. Andersondivides Muslim World in three groups:1. Those that still regard the Shari ‘a as the fundamental law and still apply it moreor less in its entirety; He had given the examples of Saudi Arabia and NorthernRegion of Nigeria, who regard Sharia as governing every aspect of life. But areincorporating the western and modern trends to cope with the problems oftoday’s time. He elaborate his point with following examples;Setting up of Council of Merchants in Jidda to settle disputes regardingcommercial transaction according to the principles of the Ottoman commercialCode of 1850, which according to many scholars is more western in nature ratherthan Islamic and drafting of new Taxation system that the Kingdom on the linesof American taxation system.2. Those who have abandoned the Shari ‘a and have substituted a wholly secularlaw; for this group he had given the example of Turkey, which according to hisclassification has abandoned the Sharia principles and adopted more secularsystem and he give examples of their Civil Codes regarding the personal matterslike Marriage and banishment of polygamy in Turkey as Turkey adopted theSwiss Code in 1926.