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Diseases and Man Project

Diseases and Man Project

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Published by Shivan Mohamed

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Published by: Shivan Mohamed on Oct 01, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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What is health?Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being andnot merely the absence of disease or infirmity.What is a disease?A disease is a condition in which the health of an organism is impaired .What are the types of diseases ?Diseases can be divided into four main types:- pathogenic- deficiency- hereditary- physiological
Pathogenic diseases
What is a pathogen?
A pathogen is a micro-organism that can cause disease.
Types of pathogens
Bacteria are all around us, in the air, on objects and normally found in and on the human body.
 A pathogenic bacteria is one that causes disease in the host. An example of a common bacteriathat affects the human system is
 Staphylococcus, particularly Staphylococcus aureus, are one of the most common causes of human disease. Most staphylococci colonize the skin and mucous membranes of people withoutdisease. 
Some symptoms of 
There are two main categories of treatment for staph infections, surgical and antibiotic treatment.Pus drainage is the main surgical treatment however other surgical removal of sources of infectionmay be required. There are many antibiotics that are effective against staph ,some arenafcillin, cefazolin, dicloxacillin, clindamycin. 
Staph can be prevented by washing hands regularly, wearing protective garments (for example,masks, gloves, and gowns) ,having penetrated skin sites clean and protected (covered with steriledressings) and refraininfected sores or wounds from direct contact with personal-care items suchas razors, bandages, etc.
Protozoans are unicellular eukaryotic organisms
The protozoan diseases vary from mild to life threatening. Almost all human beings haveprotozoa in their body at some point in their lifetime.Protozoa is
responsible for several serioushuman diseases such as
ameobiasis, Chaga’s disea
, African sleeping sickness,leishmaniasis, and taxoplasmosis.Malaria is one of the deadliest protozoan diseases.
Nearly, 800,000 people die of malaria every year. It is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. Once they enter the human body, they undergo maturation in the liver and blood cells.Symptoms include fever with chills and rigor followed by excessive sweating.
Fungal infections are infections caused by a fungus, a type of microorganism. Two commoncauses of fungal infections are a fungus called tinea and yeast infections caused by thefungus
Candida albicans 
.Some very common types of fungal infections are:
 Athlete’s foot
Jock itch
Digestive tract(gastroenteritis) 
Mouth (oral thrush)
Vagina (vaginal yeast infection, vaginal thrush)
This a skin infection due to a fungus. Ringworm occurs when a type of fungus calledtinea grows and multiplies on your skin (beard, feet, scalp, groin area, etc)
People can get ringworm from contact with someone who has the infection, contact withitems contaminated by the fungus, or pets that carry the fungus.
Symptoms of ringworm are Itchy, red, raised, scaly ring patches that may blister and ooze .
Ringworm can be treated by:
1) Keeping your skin clean and dry,
2) Apply over-the-counter antifungal or drying powders, lotions, or creams,
3) Washing sheets and nightclothes every day while you are infected.
Ringworm can be prevented by keeping your skin and feet clean and dry, avoid touchingpets with bald spots, wearing sandals or shoes at gyms, lockers, and pools.

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