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1. AN ITALIAN NOBLE MAN'S DESCRIPTION OF GUJARAT AND KARNATAKA,1623
The Travels of Pietro Della Valle in India, translated into English by G. Havers in 1664; Reprint Delhi 1991. He was inIndia from Feb 10, 1623 to Nov 16, 1624. Extracts from pp 30-34, 82-83, 86-88, 122-123, 227-228, 230-232, 266-267, 273-277, 306-310, 316-321, 322-323, 326-329, 331-332, 336-337.
February 10, 1623The City of Surat is of a handsome greatness, and for these Countries, of sufficiently goodbuilding : ‘Tis very populous, as all other Cities and places are in
, which everywhereabounds with people. The Inhabitants are partly Gentiles, and partly Mahometans; and, if I amnot deceived, the former are the greater number :....
In the first place, I shall give you the relation of a Nuptial Pomp, which I saw one day passby my house in this manner: A long train of men with Drums and Trumpets before themmarch'd in the day time first, carrying cover'd baskets, full of sundry things, which were eithera present sent from the Bridegroom to the Bride, or rather the attiring of the Bride, which usedto be publickly shewn in the East. Then follow'd on foot likewise some black Women-slaves,well cloth'd, being given to the Bride either by the Father, or the Husband. Lastly, to concludethe Pomp, came a Palanchino, a kind of Litter, wherein persons of quality are wont to be carry'din
. It was not of the ordinary form, which hang downwards upon one pole between thebearers before, and behind; but it was carry'd on high upon poles by four men, one at eachcorner, and it was cover'd all over with silk, yet no body was within it; so that I know not whatit serv'd for, unless haply it was intended to transport the Bride to her Husband; this differentfashion being for greater solemnity made use of, in such an occasion as Marriage. At night themarried couples pass'd by, and according to their mode, went round about the City with anumerous company. They were four, all very small children, two boys, and two girls; (for in
most marriages take place at that age), and because they were not big enough to ride onHorse-back alone, therefore they were held up by so many well-grown men, who sat upon thesaddle. Before them went many Torches, and Musical instruments, with a great troop of peopleon foot accompanying them. But the persons of quality follow'd in Coaches, of which there wasa good number, and going one by one they made a very long train, whereby it was known thatthe married Children were of considerable quality.
[A LARGE ARTIFICIAL POOL: GOPI TELAU]
Of remarkable things without the city, there is on one side a very large Cistern, or ArtificialPool, surrounded with stone-work, and contriv'd with many sides, and angles at which thereare stairs, leading down to the surface of the water. In the midst stands a little Island, whichcannot be gone to but by boat, or swimming. The Diametre of this Artificial Lake is two goodfurlongs, which in our parts would seem a competent largeness, but here 'tis not much; and thisFish pond of Surat is not accounted among the greatest, but the least, in India; where indeed