A sincere thank-you to my committee, Dr. Greg Campbell, Dr. Richard Sattler, and Dr. RichClow, for questions, comments, and encouragement in support of this thesis. I also thank theGraduate School at the University of Montana for grant money that enabled me to acquiredocuments from the National Archives, and the staff at the K. Ross Toole Archives for enthusiastically providing assistance with my research.I want to thank my parents, Sam H. and Janet S. Sperry, whose patience, understanding, andencouragement surpass that of any two people I know. Also to my sister, Susan R. Sperry, for reminding me that anything is possible. To my Pappy, Merle L. Hoyt, who worked hardthroughout his life to ensure his granddaughter could go to school, and for my Grandmon, EdithM. Petrie Hoyt - Happy 98
Birthday!My thanks to “auntie” Linda Juneau, a dear friend and colleague who walked this road beside me providing laughter, stories, perspective, and a shoulder to lean on when I thought I could not walk any further. I also express my appreciation to Vernon Carroll, for his interest and knowledge, andsharing numerous publications and documents from an expansive personal library that broughtfresh perspective to me at a crucial time during this project.I am fortunate to have had the opportunity to learn from a few individuals who demanded qualityscholarship. These individuals have shaped my education, and contributed to my academic and personal growth throughout my studies. With the completion of this paper, I want to express mygratitude to historian Dave Walter, for inspiring the researcher in me and never letting me forgetto enjoy the journey. A final acknowledgement goes to Professor Rich Clow for his unwaveringmentorship, and for guiding me in the right direction, at the right time, and for the right reasons.