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Perrines Poetry Study Guide

Perrines Poetry Study Guide

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Published by Becca002
Chapters 1-15.
Chapters 1-15.

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Published by: Becca002 on Jan 20, 2008
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Perrine’s Poetry
Study GuideChapter 1: What is Poetry?
 Poetry has been regarded as something central to existence, something that we are better off having.
Poetry might be defined as a kind of language that says more and says itmore intensely than does ordinary language.
Three uses of language:1. Practical: communicate information, helps with the ordinary business of living. Concerned with experience.2. Literary: can be used as a gear for stepping up the intensity andincreasing the range of our experience and as a glass for clarifying it.3. Argumentative: an instrument of persuasion.
 
 Its function is to tell us about experience, but to allow us imaginatively to participate in it:
1. by broadening our experience.2. by deepening our experience.
Avoid looking for a lesson or a bit of moral instruction, or expect to find it beautiful.
 Poetry is the most condensed and concentrated form of literature. It islanguage whose individual lines, either because of their own brilliance or because they focus so powerfully on what has gone before, they have ahigher voltage than most language.
When a person reads a poem and no experience is received: either the poem is not a good poem, or the reader is not properly tuned.
Poetry must appeal to the whole person:1. Intellectual Dimension2. Sensuous Dimension3. Emotional Dimension4. Imaginative Dimension
Chapter 2: Reading The Poem
Develop your understanding and appreciation of poetry:1. Read the poem more than once2. Keep a dictionary by you and use it.3. Read so as to hear the sounds of the words in your mind. Poetryis written to be heard: its meanings are conveyed thoughsound as well as through print.4. Always pay careful attention to what the poem is saying.5. Practice reading poems aloud.- read it affectionately- read slowly enough so that each word is clear and distinct- read the poem so that the rhythmical pattern is felt
 
Understanding poetry includes the need to
 paraphrase
; restate the poemin plain prose to understand the theme, main idea.
Ask four questions about each poem:1. Who is the speaker?2. What is the occasion?3. What is the central purpose of the poem?- tell a story- reveal human character - impart a vivid impression of a scene- express a mood or emotion- convey attitude or idea4. By what means is that purpose achieved?
 Poetry is not a passive sport. Its purpose is to arouse and awake us, to shock us into life, to make us more alive.
Chapter 3: Denotation and Connotation
The average word has three component parts: sound, denotation, andconnotation.
Denotation: the dictionary definition if the word.
Connotation: what it suggests beyond what it expresses: its overtonesin meaning.
 Poets will often take advantage of the fact that a word has more than onemeaning, and will use it to mean more than one thing at a time.
Scientific language is the purist form of practical language becauseeverything has one meaning.
Chapter 4: Imagery
Imagery: the representation through language of sense experience.
1. visual imagery2. auditory imagery: sound3. olfactory imagery: smell4. gustatory imagery: taste5. tactile imagery: touch, hot, cold6. organic imagery: internal sensation (hunger, thirst)7. kinesthetic imagery: movement
The sharpness and vividness of any image will ordinarily depend on how specific it is, and on the poet’s use of effective detail.
Must convey emotion, suggest and idea, as well as to cause a mentalreproduction of sensation.
Chapter 5: Figurative Language 1
Figurative of Speech: a way of saying one thing and meaning another.
Figurative Language: is language that cannot be taken literally.
Simile/Metaphor: comparing things that are essentially unalike.
 
Metaphor:1. both the literal and figurative terms are named2. the literal term is names, the figurative term is implied.3. the literal term is implied and the figurative term is named.4. both the literal and figurative terms are implied.
Personification: giving humanlike characteristics to an object/animalor concept.
Apostrophe: addressing someone absent or dead, or somethingnonhuman as if that person or thing were alive and could reply towhat is being said.
Synecdoche: the use of the part for the whole.
Metonymy: the use of something closely related for the thing actuallymeant.
Why is figurative language a more effective way in saying what we mean?1. it affords is more imaginative pleasure2. it’s a way of bringing additional imagery into verse, of makingthe abstract concrete, of making poetry more sensuous.3. it adds emotions intensity to otherwise merely informativestatements, and of conveying attitudes along withinformation.4. it’s an effective mean on concentration, a way of saying much in brief compass.
What us is being made of this figure? How does it contribute to theexperience of this poem?
Chapter 6: Figurative Language 2
Symbol: something that means more than what it is.
1. means what is it, and something more.2. most richest and most difficult of poetic figures.3. vary in degree of identification and definition given by author.
Allegory: an narrative or description that has a second meaningbeneath the surface.
 It is unlike extended metaphor in that it involves a system of related comparisons rather than one comparison drawn out.
 It differs from symbolism in that it puts less emphasis on the images for their own sake and more on the ulterior meanings.
 In allegory, there is usually a one-to-one correspondence between detailsand a single set of ulterior meanings.
Chapter 7: Figurative Language 3
Define and explain paradox: An apparent contradiction that is somehow true
The value of paradox is its shock value.
Define and give other name to overstatement plus a caution:

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