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mem trig

# mem trig

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07/03/2014

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There is a way to remember the basic trigonometric identitieswithout memorizing them or writing up a long list. We use what we called the tan-sin-cos hexagon. Thisis basically a regular hexagon (polygon with 6 sides) where the names of the three principally namedfunctions and their co-named functions (secant, cosecant; tangent, cotangent; and sine , cosine) arewritten near the vertices of the hexagon.You draw the hexagon with it lying on one of its sides. Then, starting on the top left vertex, you writebeside it sec; staying to the left, you go down to the next vertex and write near it tan;going down to the next vertex write sin. Now that the left vertices have been associated with the threeprincipally-named functions, you write opposite to each of these vertices the co-named functions,starting with csc, followed by cot, then cos.Locate, approximately, the center of the hexagon and write on it the number 1. Connect all the verticesto this number with line segments. Now, you are ready to use your tan-sin-cos hexagon. In practice, wedon't draw this hexagon on paper; instead, we are to picture it in our mind.So, here's how it works:A. Reciprocal Relation: Any function (in the hexagon) is equal to the one (1) in the center divided thefunction opposite it. Or, the product of the opposite functions is equal to 1.Examples: tan A = 1/cotA; sin A = 1/csc A; cos A = 1/sec A;cot A = 1/tan A; csc A = 1/sin A; sec A = 1/cos A.ortan A cot A = 1; sin A csc A = 1; cos A sec A = 1B. Product Relation: Any function is equal to the product of the two functions adjacent to it.Examples: sin A = tan A cosA; tan A = sec A sin A;cos A = sin A cot A; cot A = csc A cos A; csc A = sec A cot Asec A = tan A csc AC. Quotient Relation: Any function is equal to the function adjacent to it divided by the function next toit.Examples:tan A = sec A/csc A; tan A = sin A/cos A; sin A = tan A/sec Asin A = cos A/cot A; cot A = cos A/sin A; cot A = csc A/sec Acsc A = cot A/cos A; csc A = sec A/tan A.For the Pythagorean Relations we modify the hexagon. Each function name carries a power of 2, so thatsec is now sec^2; tan is tan^2; sin is sin^2 and so on. Now, write a plus (+) near the middle of the linesegment connecting tan^2 to 1 and just below the vertex for sec^2 write an equal (=) sign.Similarly write a plus (+) near the middle of the line segment connecting cot^2 to 1 and just below thevertex for csc^2 write an equal (=) sign. For the side of the hexagon connecting sin^2 and cos^2, write a