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Pengertian Pelarut

Pengertian Pelarut

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Published by gabbyveli

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Published by: gabbyveli on Oct 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/06/2013

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Pelarut
adalah benda cair atau gas yang melarutkan benda padat, cair atau gas, yangmenghasilkan sebuah larutan.Pelarut paling umum digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari adalah air.Pelarut lain yang  juga umum digunakan adalah bahan kimia organik (mengandung karbon)yang juga disebut
pelarut organik
. Pelarut biasanya memiliki titik didih rendah dan lebih mudah menguap,meninggalkan substansi terlarut yang didapatkan. Untuk membedakan antara pelarut denganzat yang dilarutkan, pelarut biasanya terdapat dalam jumlah yang lebih besar.
Tabel sifat-sifat pelarut umum
SolventRumus kimia
 
Pelarut Non-Polar
CH
3
-CH
2
-CH
2
-CH
2
-CH
2
-CH
3
 69 °C 2.00.655g/mlBenzena
C
6
H
6
80 °C 2.30.879g/mlToluena
C
6
H
5
-CH
3
111 °C 2.40.867g/mlDietil eter
CH
3
CH
2
-O-CH
2
-CH
3
35 °C 4.30.713g/mlKloroform
CHCl
3
61 °C 4.8
1.498g/ml
CH
3
-C(=O)-O-CH
2
-CH
3
 77 °C 6.00.894g/ml
 
 /-CH
2
-CH
2
-O-CH
2
-CH
2
-O-\ 101 °C 2.3
1.033g/ml
 Tetrahidrofuran (THF) /-CH
2
-CH
2
-O-CH
2
-CH
2
-\ 66 °C 7.50.886g/mlDiklorometana (DCM) CH
2
Cl
2
40 °C 9.1
1.326g/ml
CH
3
-C(=O)-CH
3
56 °C 210.786g/mlAsetonitril (MeCN) CH
3
-
C≡N
82 °C 370.786g/ml

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