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sirakovazlatevaezero2

sirakovazlatevaezero2

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Published by radyll
Late Eneolithic and EBA Flint Assemblages from Tell Ezero, South Bulgaria
Late Eneolithic and EBA Flint Assemblages from Tell Ezero, South Bulgaria

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: radyll on Oct 03, 2012
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07/07/2014

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E\EOLITHICANDEARLYBRONZEAGEFLINT ASSEMBLAGESFROMTELLF,ZER:O,SOUTIIERNB ULGARIA
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TellEzerossituatedntheWesternart'i": Upperhraceowlands,00m.Eastrom:t'r,-1lagef Ezero,NovaZagoruistrict.The:;"asnvestigatedor the irsttimen 1898
bythe Shkorpil brothers(Illropnun,lllxopnzn1898).As lateas 1950,P. Detev publishedhematerialsoundon the surfaceofthe tell Ezero(,{eree1950).The firstexcavationswerecar-riedoutby V. Mikov, between1952and 1956andwererenewedn 1958by Merpert(Merpert1966).Asa resultof the excavations,six strati-graphiqsequenceswereestablishedfeoprueeet al. 1979).In the stratigraphicsequence,lintcollectionsrelatedto theperiodfromthe EarlyBronzeage o Eneolithicperiodwere found.The currentarticlepresentsheresultsofthe techno-typologicalinvestigationsof flintassemblagesnd rawmaterialanalysesof flintcollectionsuncoveredfromthe EarlyBronzeAgeand Eneolithiclayers.Eneolithicartifactsare relatedtotheperiodbetween 4800-3900B.C. (ToaopoBa,Baficos1993),Early BronzeAgeones-3200-2300B.C.(Nikolova1999).Inthispaper,only. a representativeex-tractof the materialis examinedbecausepartofthe artifactsweredestroyedduring inunda-tion in thestoragehouseof AIM BASnearthevillageofSaranci. Intheprimarypublicationare reported188ools, 70 fragments,ewcoresandmore than 100flakes,whichaccordingheauthorsaredebris fromproduction,or 358arti-factsaltogetherfeoprueset al.1979).Inotherarticlesarementioned156lintspecimensromthe Early BronzeAge(Kancev1986).Therearc391 artifactspresentedntherecentinvestigation.Theinformationon theirstratigraphicpositionis limited,but itwaspos-sibleto dividethemtypologicallyandchrono-logically.1. Raw materials.Intheprocessof describingheraw mate-rialvarietieswasappliedasystemPawlikowski1992)based onthe specificmacroscopicfea-tures-color,structure,ransparency,nclusions,breaches,aturalformsetc. Aspecificcodewasused, tscomponentsdenotehe country@G);
 
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Table 1.Raw materialdistributionn the ithic assemblasesrom ell Ezero
archaeologicalsite,where the materials found;kindof the material(flint-F,opal-chalcedo-ny-OCh, agate A,etc); numberof thevarie-ties(1,2,3, 4.. ..). Forthe specific urposesftheinvestigationwere usedthefirst,thirdandfourthcomponentsof thecode,and twasintro-duced n serial numbering.Forboth collectionsa common rawmaterial listwas designed.1.F1-wax-brownin color.withreddishbandsandzones, arelywhitishspots.Thestruc-ture is fine-grained,withuneven, mat fracture,slightlytransparent.Natural formsmust havehad comparatively largesizes. Materialshowsgoodcleavage.Depositsare near village Krivareka,Shumendistrict. Laboratoryinvestigated.2. F2-yellow-wax,with lighteranddarker strips. Structure sveryfine-grainedtoamorphous, fracture issmooth,mat,slightlytransparent, without breaches. tshowsgoodcleavage.Depositsare in the regionofTopchiivillage, Razgrad district. Laboratory investi-qgted,3.F3-beige-waxtoyellow,with smallwhitish spots.Structures fine-grainedo amor-phous,with smoothfracture,glossy,slightlytransparent,goodtechnologicalquality.It isknown from NorthernBulgarra.Laboratory in-vestigated.4. F4-brown-redish with darker stripes,fine-grained,ransparent,with unevenmat frac-ture,goodtechnologicalqualities.aroundpeakSt. Ilias, Chirpandistrictnotlaboratoryanalysis.5.F5-beige, medial-grained-
evenmat fracture, on-transparent.ous mass,good quality.Depositsare
village of Rupkite, Chirpandistrict.investisated.6. F6-lightgraytoblue. Theis flne-grainedo amorphous,smoothture, slightly transparent, withoutgood quality.Deposit-Izbegly, PlovTheresnolaboratorvanalvsis.7. F7-graywith whitishgrained,microlayred,with smoothfracture,slightlytransparent,withortrIn shape, the concretions are n'ithbetween around20to 80 cm. withged,hin cortex.Depositsarenear leSadovec,Pleven district. There snoanalysis.8. OChl-white withcrav.orange spotsand stripes.Thephous,microlayred,smoothfracore.ent. withoutbreaches.Withwhite.ged,thin cortex and ofgoodqualiq--arein the regionofRhodopousThere s not laboratorv analvsis.9. OCh2-caramelnuance.Tbeisamorphous,transparent, withr:r:ilffi

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