ISTRO 2012 - Presentación de Trabajo Libre Trabajo Nº: 035
Presentador / Presenter: Monteverde, Santiago Tipo: ISTRO - Póster Primer Autor / First Author: Monteverde, Santiago (Uruguay)Inscrito / Registered: del Pino, AmabeliaSpatial variability in soil chemical properties in a outdoor pig production system.
Monteverde, Santiago ; del Pino, Amabelia
; Piagio, José
1 - Universidad de la República
| (*) Uruguay
Resumen/Abstract:Outdoor swine production may be an alternative to animal welfare problems, pollution and biosecurity of confined systems. But some management practices can modify the spatialvariability of soil chemical attributes and sometimes produce environmental problems. The aimof this work was to study the spatial variability of chemical characteristics in a Brunosol(Canelones, Uruguay), after 12 years of a pig farm installed in the field and compared with acontrol soil (without pigs). Soil samples were collected from surface (0-15 cm) in a control areaand 6 plots (1500 m2 each), with 3 different areas of management per plot (n = 24). The selectedareas were: service (drinkers, feeders and shelters), distant grazing area, and intermediate area.Complementary sampling was made in a grid (5x5 m) in 4 of these plots. The chemical attributesof the soils studied were: organic carbon (SOC), NO3-N, NH4-N, P (Bray) and in solution, pHand electrical conductivity (EC). The comparison o f variables between soil with and without pigs, the difference between areas within the latter was made statistically by ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test and through geostatistical tools maps were built using interpolationsplines. In the service area increased statistically in relation to the control the concentration of nitrate-N, available P and in solution, and the EC, however NH4 and SOC decreased. In thegrazing area only available P increased relative to the control, decreasing NH4, SOC and pH. Inthe area with pigs the spatial variability of N, P and CE was influenced by the distance to theservice, with no significant influence of distance on the SOC and pH. The system generatedspatial heterogeneity, increasing ecological risks associated with loss of N, P and decreased SOC,which suggests that the management should be modified in order to improve the potential biophysical sustainability.