In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful.Whose help we implore and in whom we trust, and with whom are the keys to our hearts. And God blessthe best of His creatures, Mohammed, and all his Family and Companions!This is the Fifth Book of the Poem in rhymed couplets and the spiritual Exposition, setting forth that theReligious Law is like a candle showing the way. Unless you gain possession of the candle, there is nowayfaring; and when you have come on to the way, your wayfaring is the Path; and when you have reachedthe journey's end, that is the Truth. Hence it has been said, “If the truths (realities) were manifest, thereligious laws would be naught.” As (for example), when copper becomes gold or was gold originally, itdoes not need the alchemy which is the Law, nor need it rub itself upon the philosophers' stone, which(operation) is the Path; (for), as has been said, it is unseemly to demand a guide after arrival at the goal, and blameworthy to discard the guide before arrival at the goal. In short, the Law is like learning the theory of alchemy from a teacher or a book, and the Path is (like) making use of chemicals and rubbing the copper upon the philosophers' stone, and the Truth is (like) the transmutation of the copper into gold. Those whoknow alchemy rejoice in their knowledge of it, saying, “We know the theory of this (science)”; and thosewho practise it rejoice in their practice of it, saying, “We perform such works”; and those who haveexperienced the reality rejoice in the reality, saying, “We have become gold and are delivered from thetheory and practice of alchemy: we are God's freedmen.”
Each party is rejoicing in what they have.
Or the Law may be compared to learning the science of medicine, and the Path to regulating one's diet inaccordance with (the science of) medicine and taking remedies, and the Truth to gaining health everlastingand becoming independent of them both. When a man dies to this (present) life, the Law and the Path arecut off (fall away) from him, and there remains (only) the Truth. If he possess the Truth, he will be crying,“
Oh, would that my people knew how my Lord hath forgivenme
”; and if he possess it not, he will be crying,“
Oh, would that I had not been givenmy scroll and had not known my reckoning! Oh, would that it (death)had been the(final) decision! My riches have not availed me, my authority hath perished from me.
”The Law is knowledge, the Path action, the Truth attainment unto God.
Then whoso hopeth to meet his Lord, let him do good works and associate none other in the service of his Lord.
And God bless the best of His creatures, Mohammed, and hisFamily and his Companions and the people of his House, and grantthem peace!IN THE NAME OF GOD THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE
The (spiritual) King, Husámu’ddín, who is the light of the stars, demands the beginning of the FifthBook.O Ziyá’u ’l-Haqq (Radiance of God), noble Husámu’ddín, master to the masters of purity,If the people were not veiled (from the Truth) and gross, and if their throats (capacities) were not narrowand feeble,In (my) praise of thee I should have done justice to the reality and expressed myself in language other thanthis;
But the falcon's mounthful is not that of the wagtail: now (therefore) recourse must be had to water and oil.’Tis wrong to praise thee to the prisoners (of sensuality): I will tell (thy praise) in the assembly of thespiritual.’Tis fraud to discourse of thee to the worldly: I will keep it hidden like the secret of love.Praise consists in describing (excellent qualities) and in rending the veil (of ignorance): the Sun isindependent of exposition and description.The praiser of the Sun is (really) pronouncing an encomium on himself, for (he says implicitly), “My eyesare clear and not inflamed.”