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Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini

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Published by Jam Sy

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Published by: Jam Sy on Oct 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2014

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APOLINARIO MABINI:
 THE FIRST SECRETARY OF FOREIGNAFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF THEPHILIPPINES
 
 The Department of Foreign Affairs was created on June 23, 1898 through adecree of Emilio Aguinaldo, who appointedApolinario Mabinias the Philippines’s first Secretary of Foreign Affairs. In effect, the DFA became the first governmentdepartment to be established following the proclamation of the First Philippine
 
Republic inMalolos CityinBulacan. Realizing the need for international recognition to support the legitimacy of his government, Aguinaldo assignedMabini the difficult task of establishing diplomatic relations with friendlycountries. Members of theHong KongJunta, a group of Filipino exiles in HongKong, served as the country’s envoys for this purpose.Apolinario 'Lumpo' Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903) wasaFilipino political philosopherand revolutionary who wrote aconstitutional planfor thefirst Philippine republicof 1899-1901, and served as its firstprime ministerin 1899. In Philippine history texts, he is often referred to as "
theSublime Paralytic
", and as "
the Brains of the Revolution."
To his enemies anddetractors, he is referred to as the "Dark Chamber of the President."Early life of Apolinario MabiniMabini was born on July 23, 1864 inBarangay Talagain Tanauan,Batangas.
[
Hewas the second of eight children of Dionisia Maranan, a vendor in the Tanauanmarket, and Inocencio Mabini, an unlettered peasant.Mabini began informal studies under his maternal grandfather, who was thevillage teacher. Because he demonstrated uncommon intelligence, he wastransferred to a regular school owned by Simplicio Avelino, where he worked asa houseboy, and also took odd jobs from a local tailor - all in exchange for freeboard and lodging. He later transferred to a school conducted by the FrayValerio Malabanan, whose fame as an educator merited a mention in José Rizal's novelEl Filibusterismo.

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