Encyclopedia of World History
Copyright © 2008 by Marsha E. Ackermann, Michael J. Schroeder, Janice J. Terry, Jiu-Hwa LoUpshur, and Mark F. WhittersMaps copyright © 2008 by Inobase Publishing All rights reserved. No part o this book may be reproduced or utilized in any orm or by anymeans, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any inormation storageor retrieval systems, without permission in writing rom the publisher. For inormation contact: Facts On File, Inc.An imprint o Inobase Publishing132 West 31st StreetNew York NY 10001
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Encyclopedia o world history / edited by Marsha E. Ackermann . . . [et al.].p. cm.Includes bibliographical reerences and index.ISBN 978-0-8160-6386-4 (hc : alk. paper)1. World history—Encyclopedias. I. Ackermann, Marsha E.D21.E5775 2007903—dc222007005158Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk quantities orbusinesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions. Please call our Special Sales Departmentin New York at (212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755.You can fnd Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http://www.actsonfle.comMaps by Dale E. Williams and Jeremy Eagle
Golson Books, Ltd.
President and Editor J. Georey GolsonDesign Director Mary Jo ScibettaAuthor Manager Sue MoskowitzLayout Editor Sherry CollinsIndexer J S EditorialPrinted in the United States o AmericaVB GB 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1This book is printed on acid-ree paper.