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Government 2301 - Final Exam Review

Government 2301 - Final Exam Review

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Published by Pato Lankenau

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Published by: Pato Lankenau on Oct 05, 2012
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05/13/2014

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Patricio Lankenau, 1
Government Final ExamTexas State Government
 
Texas has a weak government (Executive branch)
 
Power is vested on the people
Constitution
Texas Constitution US Constitution
 
Over 93,000 words long
 
Over 450 amendments
 
7000 words long
 
27 amendments
Legislative Branch
Texas United States
 
Paid $7,200 per year (set in constitution)
 
Voters have to amend to raise pay
 
Part-time citizens legislature
 
Also paid $128 per diem
 
Meets every two years (odd years)
 
In session for only 140 days
 
House of Representatives
o
 
150 members elected fromdistricts
o
 
Two-year terms
 
Senate
o
 
31 members
o
 
Four-year terms
 
Legislatives are paid $170,000 a year
 
Congress can vote itself a raise
 
Full-time professionals
 
House of Representatives
o
 
435 members
o
 
Two year terms
 
Senate
o
 
100 members
o
 
6 year terms (staggered)
Executive Branch
Texas United States
 
Weak governor system
 
Lt. Governor is elected independently
 
Originally two year term, but now four
 
Original pay was $12,000
 
Now paid $120,000
 
Weak appointive powers
 
No term limits
 
Strong president
 
President runs with vice-president
 
Four-year term
 
Can only serve two full terms
 
Paid $400,000 a year
 
Picks cabinet members
Judicial Branch
Texas United States
 
Two Supreme Courts (9 justices each)
o
 
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
o
 
Texas Supreme Court
 
All judges elected by voters
 
Have a finite term
 
One supreme court
 
All federal judges appointed by President
 
Judges confirmed by senate
 
Term for life or good behavior
 
Patricio Lankenau, 2
Bill of Rights
Texas United States
 
First section of the Texas constitution
 
Includes equal rights for women
 
Bill of Rights was the first 10 amendments
 
No equal rights for women
Power to Veto
Texas United States
 
Governor has two choices
o
 
Sign
 –
law is passed
o
 
Veto
 –
law is sent back to congress
 
Gov. has 10 days torespond, can wait forlegislation to finish beforevetoing
 
President has three choices
o
 
Sign
 –
law is passed
o
 
Veto
 –
law is sent back to congressand can still pass with 2/3
rd
 majority
o
 
Do nothing
 –
10 day rule:
 
If less than 10 days of congress, law is notpassed
Special Session
 
Governor of Texas can call for a special session for Congress to meet for 30 days
 
President sets the agenda, and session ends when goals are met
 
Cannot be extended, but there is no limit on special sessions
Case on Abortion
 
Started by Griswold v. Connecticut [1965]
o
 
Right to marital privacy, which allowed the use of contraceptives
 
Eisenstaedt v. Baird [1972]
o
 
Established the right for unmarried people to possess contraceptives
o
 
Implied the right for non-married people to engage in nonprocreative sex
 
Roe v. Wade [1973]
o
 
Ruled that a right to privacy under the due process clause of the 14th Amendmentextended to a woman's decision to have an abortion
o
 
Held that a person has a right to abortion until viability
Political Parties
 
Parties are factions with similar beliefs who act on them
 
Primary purpose: get their candidates elected
 
Secondary purpose: raise money (through fund-raisers and donations)
 
The US has a two party system
o
 
Due to single-member districts (SMD)
 –
winner takes all votes
 
Primaries are held by parties for the selection of candidates (unique to the United States)
 
City of Houston elects officials non-partisan
 
Parties are necessary in order to be part of committees in congress
o
 
Committees are where the real work happens
o
 
You are selected by party leaders if you do what you are told

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