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Orion Spacecraft Facts

Orion Spacecraft Facts

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Aviation/Space History Library on Oct 05, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain


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National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA is committed to human spaceight beyondlow-Earth orbit and the continued developmento its next generation spacecrat—Orion. TheOrion spacecrat will take astronauts beyondlow Earth orbit (LEO) to deep space. It willprovide emergency abort capability, sustainthe crew during space travel and provide saere-entry rom deep space. The spacecratwill launch on Exploration Flight Test-1, anuncrewed mission planned or 2014. This testwill see Orion travel arther into space than anyhuman spacecrat has gone in more than 40years. EFT-1 data will inuence design decisions,validate existing computer models andinnovative new approaches to space systemsdevelopment, as well as reduce overall missionrisks and costs. Lockheed Martin is the primecontractor or the EFT-1 ight.The Orion ight test vehicle is comprised o fveprimary elements which will be operated andevaluated during the test ight:
The Launch Abort System (LAS) –
Propels theOrion Crew Module to saety in an emergencyduring launch or ascent
The Orion Crew Module (CM) –
Housesand transports NASA’s astronauts duringspaceight missions
The Service Module (SM) –
Contains Orion’spropulsion, power and lie support systems
The Spacecrat Adaptor and Fairings –
ConnectsOrion to the launch vehicle
The Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle to Stage Adaptor(MSA) –
Connects the entire vehicle structure tothe kick stage o the rocketThe uncrewed EFT-1 ight will take Orion to analtitude o approximately 3,600 miles above theEarth’s surace, more than 15 times arther thanthe International Space Station’s orbital position.By ying Orion out to those distances, NASA willbe able to see how Orion perorms in and returnsrom deep space journeys.The frst Orion spaceight vehicle will beintegrated with the Delta IV Heavy, a rocket builtand operated by United Launch Alliance. Whilethis launch vehicle will provide sufcient lit orthe EFT-1 ight plan, a much larger, human-ratedrocket will be needed or the vast distances o
 Artist’s rendering o Orion during Exploration Flight Test-1, the rst spacefight o America’s next generation spacecrat.
Exploration Flight Test-1
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