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Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory – Effectiveness Review

Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory – Effectiveness Review

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Published by Oxfam
The Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory programme is being implemented by Oxfam’s partner organisation, Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). The project aims is to improve household food security and empower women among a group of indigenous peoples that reside in a mountainous area that make up the Manobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of this project carried out in March 2011.
The Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory programme is being implemented by Oxfam’s partner organisation, Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). The project aims is to improve household food security and empower women among a group of indigenous peoples that reside in a mountainous area that make up the Manobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of this project carried out in March 2011.

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Published by: Oxfam on Oct 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/11/2014

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Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory
 –
Effectiveness Review
Full Technical Report 
Photo credit: PBPF
Oxfam GB
Women’s Empowerment
Outcome IndicatorJune, 2012
 
 
Table of Contents 
1.0
 
 
Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe
 
 –
Effectiveness Review Report
 
1
Executive Summary
Under Oxfam Great Britain’s (OGB) Global Performance Framework (GPF), sufficiently mature
projects are being randomly selected each year and their effectiveness rigorously assessed. The
Philippines’ Sustainable
Livelihoods Mindanao Project (PHLB40) was randomly selected for an
Effectiveness Review under the women’s empowerment thematic area. However, this particular
project was designed to complement and enhance the work of four other Oxfam projects. Only oneof these projects
 –
Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the ManoboTribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory
 –
wasconsidered to be sufficiently mature for an effectiveness review. This project is being implemented
by Oxfam’s partner,
Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). It seeks tostrengthen community governance, improve household food security, and empower women amonga group of indigenous peoples (comprising of approximately 200 households) that reside in theManobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain of Mindonao.To assess the effectiveness of the project in empowering women and improving household foodsecurity a quasi-experimental impact evaluation design was implemented. This involvedadministering surveys to 316 household in six villages
 –
three targeted by the project and threeneighbouring comparison villages. To reduce bias, propensity score matching (PSM) andmultivariable regression (MVR) were used in the statistical comparison of the two groups. Progressof the project towards a number of key outcomes was assessed through this process. Theseoutcomes include the extent to which women are involved in household-level decision-making andinfluencing affair
s at the community level; women’s self 
-efficacy; the attitudes of both men andwomen towards the economic roles of women; and various measures of household food security,agricultural production, and income.There is evidence that the Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihoods Assets of theManobo Tribe Project successfully affected several of these outcomes but not others. In general,there is more evidence that it has contributed to empowering women than enhancing householdfood security. In particular, significant differences between respondents in the project and non-project villages were identified for several of the women empowerment measures. These include
those related to women’s perceived role in influencing community affairs
, wo
men’s self 
-efficacy,and the attitudes of men towards the economic roles of women.There is little evidence that the project was successful in improving household food security. Formost of the food security measures, no significant differences were identified between the projectand non-project groups. However, there were several exceptions. More households in the projectvillages, for instance, reported being in a position to meet household needs than in the non-projectvillages. Moreover and very interestingly, men in the project villages were more likely to reportconsuming a greater variety of food types during the previous day than men in the comparisonvillages.Oxfam in general and the Philippines country team and PBPF in particular are encouraged toconsider the following as a follow-up to this effectiveness review:Critically review and assess how the project can more effectively increase agriculturalproduction and incomeVerify the extent women are actually involved in decision-making at the household levelthrough qualitative methodsExplore ways of more effectively promoting positive attitudes about the economic roles of women among both women and men

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