Ch 3 Study guide
Complete each sentence or statement.
1.A(an) ____________________ has a definite volume and a definite shape.2.Materials can be classified as solids, liquids, or gases based on whether their shapes and ____________________ are definite or variable.3.The shape of a material remains constant when it is moved from one container to another. This material isa(an) ____________________.4.The ____________________ theory of matter states that all particles of matter are in constant motion.5.The motion of one particle of a gas is unaffected by the motion of other particles of the gas unless the particles ____________________.6.____________________ between the particles of a gas and the walls of the container cause pressure in aclosed container of gas.7.The pascal is the SI unit for ____________________.8.Reducing the volume of a gas ____________ its pressure if the __________ of the gas and the number of particles are constant.9.A graph representing Charles’s law shows that the ____________________ of a gas increases at the same rateas the ____________________ of the gas.10.The combined gas law describes the relationship among the ___________, ___________, and __________ of a gas when the number of particles is constant.11.If you are using Charles’s law to find the volume of a gas at a certain temperature, the temperature must beexpressed in ____________________.12.If you know the volume and pressure of a gas and the pressure changes, you can find the new volume bymultiplying
and ____________________ this number by
.13.The phase change that is the reverse of deposition is ____________________.14.Water boils when its vapor pressure becomes equal to ____________________ pressure.15.During vaporization, a substance changes from a(an) _______________ to a(an) _____________.16.Evaporation is the process that changes a substance from a liquid to a gas at temperatures below thesubstance’s ____________________ point.17.During a(an) ____________________ change, the system releases energy to its surroundings.
18.Solid, liquid, and gas are three states of matter.What are two other states of matter, and under what conditionsdo they exist?19.If a gas has a volume of 1 L at a pressure of 200 kPa, what volume would it have when the pressure isincreased to 400 kPa? Assume the temperature and number of particles are constant.