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The Phoenix Program in El Salvador; Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations for 1985: hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session / Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and Related Agencies

The Phoenix Program in El Salvador; Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations for 1985: hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session / Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and Related Agencies

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Published by ThePublicRecord
"the Administration has launched a campaign that aims to legitimize all killings of civilians by the uniformed armed forces of El Salvador as killings of "guerrilla masas"..."

--Americas Watch, 1984
"the Administration has launched a campaign that aims to legitimize all killings of civilians by the uniformed armed forces of El Salvador as killings of "guerrilla masas"..."

--Americas Watch, 1984

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Published by: ThePublicRecord on Oct 06, 2012
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04/02/2014

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4461:1AMERICASWATCHkftâ–¡REPLYTO36WEST44THSTREET.NEWYORK.NEWYORK10036(212)640-9460â–¡REPLYTO712GSTREETSE,WASHINGTON,DC20003(202)546-9336OrvdleHScheliVCOMMITTEEPetetBefiRobertLBernsle'n JonathanBinghamDrewSDaysIIIPairtaaDearAdrianDeWmd ThomasJFare*RobertGoldmanAleeHenkinAnneJohnsonRussellKarpStephenKass JenLaberMargaretLangDorothyMarshall JohnBOa-esMichaelPcsnerBruceRabbRichardSalomonGorgoSohmano,MDGeorgeSorosAHredStepanS^UanaStoneRoseStyronHectorTmerman JuanEMende?DfRtCTC**>»»SMJNGT.-jNor-t:C!HolyJBurkhaiterWftSMiNGTOfi TestiinonyofAryehNeieronBehalfoftheAmericasWatchCommitteebeforetheForeignOperationsSubcommitteeHouseCommitteeonAppropriationsMarch28,1984MynameisAryehNeier.IamViceChairmanoftheAmericasWatchandViceChairmanofitssisterorganization,theHelsinkiWatch.IamalsoProfessor(Adj.)ofLawatNewYorkUniversity.IappeartodayonbehalfoftheAmericasWatch.AsthisCommitteeisaware,theAmericasWatchisexclusivelyconcernedwithhumanrights.WeareparticularlyconcernedwithElSalvadorandGuatemalabecausetheviolationsofhumanrightsthereare TheAmericasWatchisaCommitteeo'IheFundtorFteeExpressionanditisaffiliatedwththeHelsinkiWatchCommirtee TheLawyersCommitteetorIniernationaiHumanH>gntsisCounsellortheAmericasWatch
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448ofprivateenterpriseinwhichthearmedforcesasaninstitutionwerenotinvolved,wearepleasedthatthiscampaignwasfinallyundertaken.Atthesametime,however,theAdministrationhaslaunchedacampaignthataimstolegitimizeallkillingsofciviliansbytheuniformedarmedforcesofElSalvadoraskillingsof"guerrillamaaas"-civilianswhomtheStateDepartmentlabelsas"logisticalsupportpersonnel"fortheguerrillas.AccordingtothehumanrightsmonitoringofficeoftheRomanCatholicArchdioceseinSanSalvadorwhichtakestestimonyaboutkillingsfromrelativesandeyewitnesses,killingsof civiliannoncombatantsbytheuniformedarmedforcesof ElSalvadorcontinueattherateofaboutonehundredeachweek.TheStateDepartmentcontendsthatthesekillingsarelegitimate-describingthedeceasedas"somethingmorethaninnocentbystanders"-because,aftertheyaredead,ithasdeducedthattheyareguerrillasupporters.IntheviewoftheAmericasWatch,theDepartmentofStatehasnowayofknowingwhethermostoftheciviliannoncombatantsbeingkilledinElSalvadoraresupportersoftheguerrillasand,underanycircumstances,itisimmaterial.TheSalvadoranarmedforceshavearighttokillincombatthosewhotakeuparmsagainstthegovernment.Itisunfortunate,but
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449neverthelesstoheexpectedthatsomeciviliannoncombatantswilldieincrossfire.ButtheSalvadoranarmedforcesarecommittinggrossabusesofhumanrights-sometimeslabelled"warcrimes"or"crimesagainsthumanity"-whentheydeliberatelyattackciviliannoncombatantsthoughttobesupportersoftheguerrillasorwhentheyengageinfreefirepracticesinconflictzonesorguerrilla-controlledzones.ThisiswhattheArchdioceseofSanSalvadorsaystheSalvadoranarmedforcesaredoing.ThisiswhattheStateDepartmentsaysislegitimatebecauseofthewayitlabelsthevictims.OnMonday,March26,TheChristianScienceMonitorpublishedanarticlewhichillustratesthepracticesof theSalvadoranarmedforces.Itisentitled"ElSalvadorMilitarySaidtoBombRedCrossAidSites."Iattachacopytomytestimonyandaskthatitbeincludedintherecordofthishearing. TheMonitorarticleconfirmsinformationpreviouslygatheredbytheAmericasWatchandtheLawyersCommitteeforInternationalHumanRightswhichwewilldiscussingreaterdetailinareportthatweplantopublishinearlyAprilonhumanrightsissuesaffectingthehalf millioninternallydisplacedpersonsinElSalvador.
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