: someone who works in many different programminglanguages to create the source code, which is responsible for creating small or large parts of a piece of software in concert with others.-
: is a person responsible for the installation, configuration,upgrade, administration monitoring and maintenance of databases in anorganization.c) Operations personnel-
: is the one who oversees the running of computer systems,ensuring that the machines are running and physically secured and free of anybugs.-
Data Entry Operator
: Converts manual input to machine-readable-
: Maintain custody and control over magnetic tapes, computer,documentation, and other computer-related software-
: is the one who acts as liaison between users and the processingcenter, monitors computer input, maintains error logs and ensures compliancewith control totals.4) Procedures: refers to the process for obtaining and preparing data, operating thecomputer, distributing the input from computer processing and controlling processingsteps.5) Data: Raw facts to be gathered processed to generate information which in turn ispresented to the user as basis for decision making.-
File: An organized collection of related records.
Block: A group of records (or words) held or processed as a unit.
Record: A group of related items or fields of data handled as a unit.
Field, item, word: A group of related characters that also is a subdivisionof a record.
Byte, character: A group of bits that represent a character of one columnin a field that contain some representation of a character.
Bit: a binary digit for representing characters.
: symbolic diagram of a specific part of an internal accounting controlsystem indicating the sequential flow of data and/or authority.
Hierarchy of Computer Processes
: these are the largest type of computer which canprocess billions of instructions per second.
: refers to the processing unit in a large computer system. Ittends to process very large capacities and are capable of extremely highspeeds in carrying out all functions.
: a system that provides computing power and peripheraldevice access to a number of users and do not require a specialenvironment for operation
: contains the processor, internal storage and limitednumber of chips.
: serves the needs of individual users.
Modes of Computer Operations
A. Based on the timing of transaction processing
1) Batch Mode
Data are collected into groups before processing.
The data are then processed at regular intervals to update existinginformation
Most often used in customer billing system and a payroll systemwhich is either un or performed weekly, twice a month or monthly.
2) On-line Mode
Data are processed immediately after a transaction is made toupdate current information.
Known as real-time processing
VII. Computer Information Systems
1) Small Computers (Microcomputers, personal computers)
- Powerful, affordable and provide a cost-effective information processing alternative for entities that has constrains in manual processing.