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Presidential certification on progress in El Salvador : hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, first session, February 2, 1983

Presidential certification on progress in El Salvador : hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, first session, February 2, 1983

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Published by ThePublicRecord
"If anything characterizes the year as a whole it is the pattern of increases and abatements in the killing: rises during the middle of a certification period and sharp drop-offs as certification approaches," "suggesting a capacity to rein in the counter-terror programme when political expediency so demanded."

--Americas Watch, 1983

--Michael McClintock, 1985

"Monthly totals of counter-terror killings remained high throughout 1981, although the figures indicated lulls in the killings at regular six-monthly intervals. These six month periods coincided with a US government human rights reporting calender; the US congress required the President to provide a bi-annual "certification" that progress was being made in human rights observance as a condition for further aid.

And so President Reagan swore ritually, every six months, that progress was being made in "bringing under control" the Salvadorean "death squads": and indeed there was a decrease observed by Socorro Juridico from 934 non-combatants killed in June to 546 in July and from 820 in November to 395 in December 1981. In this first full year of sharply increased military aid to El Salvador, with US military advisers on the ground, the death toll was conservatively estimated at 13,353 non-combatant civilians killed by Salvadorean government forces.

In 1982, ... A pattern similar to 1981's, in relation to the US human rights certification timetable, can again be discerned, suggesting a capacity to rein in the counter-terror programme when political expediency so demanded.

From an average of 582 governmental assassinations recorded for each of the first four months of the year [1982] cases dropped to 375 in May, 355 in June and 201 in July, rebounding to 508 in August, after the certification. Similarly, killings registered dropped to 372 in December."

--Michael McClintock, The American Connection: State Terror and Popular Resistance in El Salvador, 1985
"If anything characterizes the year as a whole it is the pattern of increases and abatements in the killing: rises during the middle of a certification period and sharp drop-offs as certification approaches," "suggesting a capacity to rein in the counter-terror programme when political expediency so demanded."

--Americas Watch, 1983

--Michael McClintock, 1985

"Monthly totals of counter-terror killings remained high throughout 1981, although the figures indicated lulls in the killings at regular six-monthly intervals. These six month periods coincided with a US government human rights reporting calender; the US congress required the President to provide a bi-annual "certification" that progress was being made in human rights observance as a condition for further aid.

And so President Reagan swore ritually, every six months, that progress was being made in "bringing under control" the Salvadorean "death squads": and indeed there was a decrease observed by Socorro Juridico from 934 non-combatants killed in June to 546 in July and from 820 in November to 395 in December 1981. In this first full year of sharply increased military aid to El Salvador, with US military advisers on the ground, the death toll was conservatively estimated at 13,353 non-combatant civilians killed by Salvadorean government forces.

In 1982, ... A pattern similar to 1981's, in relation to the US human rights certification timetable, can again be discerned, suggesting a capacity to rein in the counter-terror programme when political expediency so demanded.

From an average of 582 governmental assassinations recorded for each of the first four months of the year [1982] cases dropped to 375 in May, 355 in June and 201 in July, rebounding to 508 in August, after the certification. Similarly, killings registered dropped to 372 in December."

--Michael McClintock, The American Connection: State Terror and Popular Resistance in El Salvador, 1985

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Published by: ThePublicRecord on Oct 06, 2012
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156 January20,I983SecondSupplementtotheREPORTONHUMANRIGHTSINELSALVADORAmericasWatchCommittee& TheAmericanCivilLibertiesUnion
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171Duringthesixmonthsofthiscertificationperiod,humanrightsorganizationsinElSalvador‘ havecontinuedtodocumentandreportontheviolationsoftherighttolifeandtherighttophysicalintegritycommittedbySalvadorangovernmentforcesandparamilitarysquadsagainstthecivilianpopulation. Theseviolations—murder,torture,kidnapping,anddisappearance—continuetooccurathighlevels.Inourestimation,theSalvadorangovernment'sabusesoftherightsofitscitizensformapatternofgrossandconsistentviolationsofhumanrights.HumanrightsorganizationsinElSalvadoroperateunderconditionsofextremeduress.Theirofficeshavebeensackedbygovernmenttroops,theirstaffmembersthreatenedand,notinfrequently,abductedandmurdered.Nevertheless,humanrightsgroupscontinuetoproducestatisticsthatreflectcertainaspectsofpoliticalviolenceinElSalvador.InMay,1982,theSalvadoranArchdiocesereviveditsJusticeandPeaceCommissionandwithinit,createdtheArchdiocesanOfficeofTutelaLegal(LegalProtection).Therestructuring‘Theseinclude:theOfficeofLegalProtectionoftheArchdiocese(TutelaLegal);ChristianLegalAid(Socorro JuridicoCristiano);theHumanRightsCommissionofElSalvador(ComisiondeDerechosHumanosdeElSalvador).Anothergroup,theCatholicUniversityCenterforDocumentationandInformation(CUDI)publishesinformationonhumanrightsinitsweeklybulletinPIOCGSO.-13-
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174DeathsoftheCivilianPopulationCivilianDeathsImputedtotheSecurityForces,ParamilitarySquads,andtheArmy,1982 TutelaSocorroHumanRightsLegalJuridicoCommission January466‘ 466631February532'532405March526* 526905April805‘805235May375375868 June355355443 July201199125August508701457September209474143October561617480November489621341December212322522 TOTAL5,3995,9675,553Source:OficinadeTutelaLegaldeArzobispado,‘InformsAnual,Anoi982,‘ andSocorro JuridicoCristiano,'VictimasdelaViolenciaPoliticsenElSalvador,IIenero-diciembrede1982AccordingtoTutelaLegal,civiliandeathsimputedtogovernmentforcesandright-wingparamilitarygroupsdroppedslightlyinthelastsixmonthsof1982,fromanaverage*TutelaLegalwasestablishedinMay.ThefiguresforthepriormonthsweretakenfromthosecompiledbySocorroJuridico.-16-
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