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Proposed Refugee Admissions for Fiscal Year 2013

Proposed Refugee Admissions for Fiscal Year 2013

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Published by Brooklyn Confucius

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Published by: Brooklyn Confucius on Oct 07, 2012
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11/15/2012

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P
ROPOSED
R
EFUGEE
A
DMISSIONS
 
FOR
 F
ISCAL
Y
EAR
2013R
EPORT TO THE
C
ONGRESS
 
SUBMITTED ON BEHALF OF
 THE
 
PRESIDENT
 
OF
 
THE
 
UNITED
 
STATES
TO THE
 COMMITTEES
 
ON
 
THE
 
JUDICIARYUNITED
 
STATES
 
SENATE
AND
 UNITED
 
STATES
 
HOUSE
 
OF
 
REPRESENTATIVES
IN FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF
 
SECTIONS
207(d)(1) and (e)
OF THE
 I
MMIGRATION AND
N
ATIONALITY
A
CT
 
U
NITED
S
TATES
D
EPARTMENT OF
S
TATE
 U
NITED
S
TATES
D
EPARTMENT OF
H
OMELAND
S
ECURITY
 U
NITED
S
TATES
D
EPARTMENT OF
H
EALTH AND
H
UMAN
S
ERVICES
 
 
i
 I 
 NTRODUCTION 
 
This
Proposed Refugee Admissions for Fiscal Year 2013: Report to theCongress
is submitted in compliance with Sections 207(d)(1) and (e) of theImmigration and Nationality Act (INA). The INA requires that before the start of the fiscal year and, to the extent possible, at least two weeks prior to consultationson refugee admissions, members of the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senateand the House of Representatives be provided with the following information:(1)
 
A description of the nature of the refugee situation;(2)
 
A description of the number and allocation of the refugees to be admittedand an analysis of conditions within the countries from which they came;(3)
 
A description of the plans for their movement and resettlement and theestimated cost of their movement and resettlement;(4)
 
An analysis of the anticipated social, economic, and demographic impactof their admission to the United States;
1
 (5)
 
A description of the extent to which other countries will admit and assist inthe resettlement of such refugees;(6)
 
An analysis of the impact of the participation of the United States in theresettlement of such refugees on the foreign policy interests of the UnitedStates; and(7)
 
Such additional information as may be appropriate or requested by suchmembers.In addition, this report contains information as required by Section 602(d) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-292, October27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2787) (IRFA) about religious persecution of refugeepopulations eligible for consideration for admission to the United States. Thisreport meets the reporting requirements of Section 305(b) of the North KoreanHuman Rights Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-333, October 18, 2004, 118 Stat.1287) by providing information about specific measures taken to facilitate accessto the United Sta
tes refugee program for individuals who have fled “countries of  particular concern” for violations of religious freedoms, identified pursuant to
Section 402(b) of the IRFA.
i
Detailed discussion of the anticipated social and economic impact, including secondary migration, of theadmission of refugees to the United States is being provided in the
 Report to the Congress
of the RefugeeResettlement Program, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Department of Health and Human Services.
 
ii
 F
OREWORD
 
The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) is a criticalcomponent of the United States
overall protection efforts around the globe.On the occasion of World Refugee Day on June 20, both President Obamaand Secretary Clinton re-affirmed the U.S. commitment to helping refugeesand the importance of providing safe haven in America. While starting lifeanew in the United States presents considerable challenges, it also createshope and provides opportunity for tens of thousands of persons each year.The support and assistance that average American citizens provide to thesenewcomers greatly helps with their integration into our country. Refugeesadd to America
s vitality and diversity by making substantial contributionsto our economic and cultural life.Resettlement in a third country is a lasting durable solution for refugees whoare among the most vulnerable in the world and for whom the other two durablesolutions (repatriation or local integration in the country of refuge) are not viableoptions. Traditionally, the USRAP offers resettlement to refugees regardless of their location, national origin, health status, occupational skills, or level of educational attainment.Increased DiversityIn the early years, the program was characterized by large numbers of refugees from a limited number of countries. Many of the resettled refugees hadfamily members already in the United States. Over the past decade, however, thenature of the program has changed. The United States has worked closely with theUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to make third countryresettlement viable for increasing numbers from a broader representation of theworld
s 15.4 million refugees. The USRAP is more diverse than ever, admittingrefugees of over 69 nationalities who began their journeys in some 92 countries.In FY 2012, the top three countries of origin are Bhutan, Burma and Iraq, and theseare expected to be the top three in FY 2013.Helping the Hard-to-Reach and the Especially VulnerableThe Administration has worked closely with the Congress to invest theresources necessary to reach the most desperate populations who may be small innumber yet are located in less accessible places. This year, for example, staff representing the Departments of State and Homeland Security began processingrefugees who fled Libya during fighting in the 2011 revolution against Qadhafi andsought protection just across the Tunisian and Egyptian borders. Through efforts

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