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Biodiversity and Its Conservation

Biodiversity and Its Conservation

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Published by Madhavi Gawli
ES project
ES project

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Published by: Madhavi Gawli on Oct 07, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/19/2012

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Biodiversity and Its Conservation
Submitted by
NIKITA BUBERAMADHAVI GAWLISHEETAL KHEDKARSUPRIYA BHOIR
Submitted to
Madam NEEMA BISHT
Department Of Information Technology
Saraswati College Of Engineering,Kharghar, Navi Mumbai.
 
2012-2013
 
DEFINITION:-
 
 
Biodiversity Or Biological Diversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem,biome, or for the entire Earth.
 
Biodiversity refers to variety and variability amongall groups of living organisms and the ecosystemcomplexes in which they occur.
 
In the convention of Biological Diversity (1992)Biodiversity has been defined as the variabilityamong living organisms from all sources includinginter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquaticecosystems and the ecological complexes of whichthey are a part.
 
Biodiversity is often a measure of the health of biological systems to indicate the degree to whichthe aggregate of historical species are viable versusextinct.
 
LEVELS OF BIODIVERSITY
:-
Biodiversity ranges from the genetic level with in aspecies to the biota in a specific region and may extendup to the great diversity found in different biomes.
 
Genetic Diversity:
Diversity of genes within aspecies. There is a genetic variability among thepopulations and the individuals of the same species.
 
 
Species Diversity:
Diversity among species in an
ecosystem. “Biodiversity hotspots” are excellent
examples of species diversity.
 
 
Ecosystem Diversity:
Diversity at higher level of organization, the ecosystem.
 

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