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Email Link Corp v Treasure Island

Email Link Corp v Treasure Island

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Published by propertyintangible

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Published by: propertyintangible on Oct 07, 2012
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11/30/2012

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTDISTRICT OF NEVADA 
EMAIL LINK CORP.,)2:11-cv-01433-ECR-GWF)Plaintiff,)
Order
)vs.))TREASURE ISLAND, LLC; WYNN )RESORTS, LIMITED; LAS VEGAS SANDS)CORPORATION; COSMOPOLITAN HOTELS)AND RESORTS, INC.; MGM RESORTS)INTERNATIONAL; CAESARS )ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION; HARD)ROCK HOTEL HOLDINGS, LLC; and)HILTON WORLDWIDE, INC.,))Defendants.)))This is a patent infringement action involving U.S. Patent No.7,840, 176 (the “‘176 Patent”) which concerns a method of informationdistribution using a broadcast channel and a bi-directionalcommunication channel.
I. Factual Background 
The undisputed facts are as follows: On November 23, 2010, theUnited States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) issued the ‘176Patent for an “Information Distribution and Processing System.”
Case 2:11-cv-01433-ECR -GWF Document 88 Filed 09/25/12 Page 1 of 10
 
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(Compl. Ex. A (#1-10).) The ‘176 Patent lists Hark C. Chan as the
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Inventor, Plaintiff Email Link Corporation (“Plaintiff” or “EmailLink”) as the Assignee, and provides that “[t]his patent is subject toa terminal disclaimer. (Id.)The Terminal Disclaimer relating to the ‘176 Patent was filedwith the USPTO on July 2, 2010 prior to the issuance of the ‘176Patent. (Defs.Mot. Dismiss Ex. 12 (#38-13).) The TerminalDisclaimer provides as follows in relevant part:The owner[], Acacia Global Acquisition LLC, of 100 percentinterest in the instant application hereby disclaims, exceptas provided below, the terminal part of the statutory termof any patent granted on the instant application which wouldextend beyond the expiration date of the full statutory termof
 prior patent
No. 7,508,789 as the term of said
 prior patent
is defined in 35 U.S.C. 154 and 173, and as the termof said
 prior patent
is presently shorted by any terminalOrdinarily, if a district court relies on materials outside the
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pleadings in making its ruling, it must treat the motion to dismissas one for summary judgment and give the non-moving party anopportunity to respond. F
ED
.
 
R.
 
C
IV
.
 
P. 12(d); see United States v.Ritchie, 342 F.3d 903, 907 (9th Cir. 2003). “A court may, however,consider certain materials — documents attached to the complaint,documents incorporated by reference in the complaint, or matters ofjudicial notice — without converting the motion to dismiss into amotion for summary judgment.” Ritchie, 342 F.3d at 908.If documents are physically attached to the complaint, then acourt may consider them if their “authenticity is not contested” and“the plaintiff’s complaint necessarily relies on them.” Lee v. Cityof L.A., 250 F.3d 668, 688 (9th Cir. 2001) (citation, internalquotations, and ellipsis omitted). Additionally, if adjudicativefacts or matters of public record meet the requirements of Fed. R.Evid. 201, a court may judicially notice them in deciding a motion todismiss. Id. at 909; see F
ED
.
 
R.
 
E
VID
. 201(b) (“A judicially noticedfact must be one not subject to reasonable dispute in that it iseither (1) generally known within the territorial jurisdiction of thetrial court or (2) capable of accurate and ready determination byresort to sources whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned.”).We therefore consider Patent ‘176, attached as Exhibit A to theComplaint (#1) without converting the motions to dismiss into motionsfor summary judgment. Further, we take judicial notice of the publicdocuments attached to Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (#38).
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Case 2:11-cv-01433-ECR -GWF Document 88 Filed 09/25/12 Page 2 of 10
 
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disclaimer. The owner hereby agrees that any patent sogranted on the instant application shall be enforceable onlyfor and during such period that it and the
 prior patent
arecommonly owned. This agreement runs with any patent grantedon the instant application and is binding upon the grantee,its successors and assigns.(Id. (emphasis in original).)Currently, Plaintiff Email Link owns the ‘176 Patent and OnlineNews Link, LLC (“Online New Link”) owns the prior patent referenced inthe Terminal Disclaimer, U.S. Patent No. 7,508,789 (the “‘789Patent”). (Pl.’s Opp’n at 2 (#57); Defs.’ Mot. Dismiss at 6 (#38).)Acacia Global Acquisition, LLC (“Acacia”) owns one hundred percent ofall issued shares of Plaintiff Email Link and is the 100% sole memberof ONL, the owner of the ‘789 Patent. (Pl.’s Opp’n at 23 (#57);Defs.’ Mot. Dismiss at 6 (#38).)
II. Procedural Background 
On September 7, 2011, Plaintiff filed a Complaint (#1) allegingthat Defendants have directly and indirectly infringed the ‘176Patent, which Plaintiff owns. (Compl. at ¶¶ 13-14.)On September 21, 2011, Plaintiff filed a Notice of VoluntaryDismissal (#10), dismissing Defendant Cosmopolitan Hotel & Resorts,Inc. from the action without prejudice.On November 11, 2011, Defendant Caesars Entertainment Corporation(“Caesars”), Hilton Worldwide, Inc. (“Hilton”), MGM ResortsInternational (“MGM”), Treasure Island, LLC (“Treasure Island”), andWynn Resorts, Limited (“Wynn”) filed a Motion to Dismiss (#38). OnNovember 18, 2011, Defendant Hard Rock Hotel Holdings, LLC (“HardRock”) filed a Joinder (#48) to the Motion to Dismiss (#38).
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Case 2:11-cv-01433-ECR -GWF Document 88 Filed 09/25/12 Page 3 of 10

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