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bc0046

bc0046

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Published by: amant on Oct 07, 2012
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May 2012Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA)
 –
Semester 3BC0046
 –
Microprocessor
 –
4 Credits(Book ID: B0807)Assignment Set
 –
1 (60 Marks)Submitted by:Deepak Kumar
 
Q1. Convert the decimal number 231.23 to octal and hexadecimal.
 Answer:231.23 ~= 11100111.001110 in binary.To get the hexadecimal or octal representation, group the bits by threeor four, aligned at the decimal point:231.23 ~= 11100111.001110 in binary11 100 111. 001 110 = 347.16(+-0.01) in octal1110 0111. 0011 10 = E7.38(+-0.04) in hexadecimalQ2. Draw and explain the internal architecture of 8085.
System Bus
 
Typical system uses a number of busses, collection of wires, whichtransmit binary numbers, one bit per wire. A typical microprocessor communicates with memory and other devices (input and output) usingthree busses: Address Bus, Data Bus and Control Bus.
 
 
 
Fig 2.1: Internal Architecture of 8085
 
Address Bus
 
One wire for each bit, therefore 16 bits = 16 wires. Binary number carried
alerts memory to „open‟ the designated box. Data (binary) can then be put
in or taken out. The Address Bus consists of 16 wires, therefore 16 bits. Its
“width” is 16 bits. A 16 bit
binary number allows 216 different numbers, or 32000 different numbers, ie 0000000000000000 up to 1111111111111111.Because memory consists of boxes, each with a unique address, the sizeof the address bus determines the size of memory, which can be used. Tocommunicate with memory the microprocessor sends an address on theaddress bus, eg 0000000000000011 (3 in decimal), to the memory. Thememory selects box number 3 for reading or writing data. Address bus isunidirectional, i.e numbers only sent from microprocessor to memory, notother way.
 
Data Bus
 

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