is the well known property of a solid, liquid, gas or gaseous chemical substance called
todissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent to form a
of the solute in the solvent.The solubility of a any substance fundamentally depends on the used
as well as on temperature andpressure.
In this example, you can easily understand.Suppose, when we insert sugar into water it will dissolve. In this process:
Sugar is the
Water is the
.Generally, solubilities of solids in liquids increase with temperature and those of gases decrease with temperatureand increase with pressure. A solution in which no more solute can be dissolved at a given temperature and pressureis said to be saturated (saturation).There are various factors affecting solubility namely; temperature, pressure, polarity, molecular size and stirringincreares the speed of dissolving.
Solubility of gases/Gas solubility in liquids
The solubility of a gas in a liquid depends on temperature, the partial pressure of the gas over the liquid, the natureof the solvent and the nature of the gas. The most common solvent is water.
is always limited by theequilibrium between the gas and a saturated solution of the gas. The dissolved gas will always follow
What is Henry's Law?
The law, which was first formulated in 1803 by the english physician and chemist
, holds only fordilute solutions and low gas pressures. According to
:- The solubility of a gas in a solvent is directlyproportional to the partial pressure of that gas above the solvent. This relationship is written as:Where
is a temperature-dependent constant,
is the partial pressure (atm) of the solute in the gas above thesolution, and
is the concentration of the dissolved gas in the liquid (mol/L). The units on
depend on the unitsused for concentration and pressure.
The gas solubility
is defined as the number of standard cubic feet of gas which will dissolve in one stock-tank barrel of crude oil at certain pressure and temperature. The solubility of a natural gas in a crude oil is a strongfunction of the pressure, temperature, API gravity, and gas gravity. For a particular gas and crude oil to exist at aconstant temperature, the solubility increases with pressure until the saturation pressure is reached.At the saturation pressure
(bubble point pressure)
all the available gases are dissolved in the oil and the gassolubility reaches its maximum value. Rather than measuring the amount of gas that will dissolve in a given stock-