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filsafat ilmu

filsafat ilmu

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Published by: Andriaz Septianto Pohan on Oct 08, 2012
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04/03/2013

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Bab 2
Filsafat dan Ilmu
 
FilsafatAsal Usul
Cendekiawan Yunani Kuno
Zaman Sebelum SokratesZaman Sokrates, Plato, AristotelesSokrates membagi cendekiawan Yunani Kunomenjadi sophist dan philosopher 
Sophist
Sophist adalah guru yang sudah memiliki pengetahuan dan mengajarkannya kepada pengikutnya (cendekiawan sebelum Sokrates)
Philosopher 
Philosopher menyatakan bahwa mereka belummengetahui, kemudian berpikir, berspekulasidan berdialog (Sokrates dan pengikutnya)
 
Dari Bertrand Russell: History of Western Philosophymulai halaman 91.The great pre-Socratic systems that we have been considering were confronted, in the latter half of the fifth century [BC], by a sceptical movement,in which the most important figure was Protagoras,chief of the Sophists. The word ‘Sophist’ hadoriginally no bad connotation; it meant, as nearly asmay be, what we mean by ‘professor’. A sophistwas a man who made his living by teaching youngmen certain things that, it was thought, would beuseful to them in practical life. As there was no public provision for such education, the Sophisttaught only those who had private means, or whose parents had. …Athenian democracy, though it had the gravelimitation of not including slaves or women, was insome respects more democratic than any modernsystem. Judges and most executive officers werechosen by lot, and served for short periods; theywere thus average citizens, like our jurymen, with

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