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Proclamation Ethiopian Labour Law

Proclamation Ethiopian Labour Law

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Published by Solomon Yeshiwas

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Published by: Solomon Yeshiwas on Oct 08, 2012
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PROCLAMATIONNO.377/2003LABOURPROCLAMATION
WlffiREAS,itisesentialtoensurethatworker-em-ployerrelations.aregovernedbythebasicprinciplesofrightsandobligationswithaviewtoenablingworkersandemployerstomaintainindustrialpeaceandworkinthespiritofharmonyandcooperationtowardstheall-rounddevelop-mentofourcountry;WHEREAS,ithasbeenfoundnecessarytoguaranteetherightofworkersandemployerstoformtheirrespectiveassociationsandtoengage,throughtheirlawfulelectedrepresentatives,incollectivebarganing,aswellastolaydowntheprocedurefortheexpeditioussettlementofLabourdisputes,whicharisebetweenworkersandemployers;WHEREAS,itisnecessarytostrengthenanddefinebylawthepowersanddutiesoftheorganchargedwiththeresponsibilityofinspecting,inaccordancewiththelaw,labouradministration,particularlyl",bourconditions,oc-cupationalsafety,healthandworkenvironment;WHEREAS,ithasbeenfoundnecessarytorevisetheexistingLabourlawprovidingforthebasicprincipleswhichgovernworker-employerrelationsandforlabourconditionstakingintoaccountthepolitical,economicandsocialpoliciesoftheGovernmentandinconformitywiththeinternationalconventionsandotherlegalcommitmentstowhichEthiopiaisapartywithaviewtotranslatingintopracticetheobjectivesreferredtoabove;NOW,THEREFORE,inaccordancewithSub-Article1and3ofArticle55oftheConstitutionoftheFederalDemocraticRepublicofEthiopia,itisherebyproclaimedasfollows:
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PARTONEGENERAL1.
ShortTitle
ThisProclamationmaybecitedasthe"LabourProclamationNo.377/2003."2.
Definitions
InthisProclamation:1)"employer"meansapersonoranundertakingwhoemploysoneormorepersonsinaccordancewithArticle4ofthisProclamation;2)"undertaking"meansanyentityestablishedunderaunitedmanagementforthepurposeofcarryingonanycommercial,industrial,agricultural,construc-tionoranyotherlawfulactivity;Anybranchcarryingontheactivitiesofanunder-takingwhichisdesignatedseparatelyandwhichenjoysoperationalororganizationalautonomyshallbedeemedtobeaseparateundertaking;3)"worker"meansapersonwhohasanemploymentrelationshipwithanemployerinaccordancewithArticle4ofthisProclamation;4)"minister"or"ministry"meanstheMinisterorMinistryofLabourandSocialAffairsrespectivelyorBureauofRegionalLabourandSocialAffairs.5)"workrules"means,subjecttotheprovisionsofthisProclamationandotherrelevantlaws,aninternalruelswhichgovernworkinghours,restperiod,paymentofwagesandthemethod'sofmeasuringworkdone,maintenanceofsafetyandtheprevention",ofaccidents,disciplinarymeasuresanditsim-plementationaswellasotherconditionsofwork;6)"conditionsofwork"meanstheentirefiledofrelationsbetweenworkersandemployersandshallalsoincludehoursofwork,wage,leave,paymentsduetodismissal,workershealthandsafety,compen-sationtovictimsofemploymentinjure,dismissalbecauseofredundency,grievanceprocedureandanyothersimilarmatters.7)'"Region"meansanyregionasperArticle47oftheConstitutionofFederalDemocraticRepublicofEthiopia~ForthepurposeofthisProclamtionitalsoincludeAddisAbabaandDireDawaAdminis-tration.3.
ScopeofApplication
1)WithoutprejudicetoSub-Article(2)ofthisArticle,thisProclamationshallbeapplicabletoemploymentrelationsbasedonacontractofemploymentthatexistbetweenaworkerandandanemployer.2)ThisProclamationshallnotbeapplicabletothefollowingemploymentrelationsarisingoutofacontractofemployment:(a)contractsforthepurposeofupbringing,treat-ment,careorrehabilitation;(b)contractsforthepurposeofeducatingortrainingotherthanapprentice;(c)managerialemployeewhoisvestedwithpowerstolaydownandexecutemanagementpoliciesbylaworbythedelegationoftheemployerdependingonthetypeofactivitiesoftheundertakingwithorwithouttheaforementionedpowersanindividualwhoisvestedwiththepowertohire,transfer,sus-pend,layoff,assignortakedisciplinarymeasuresagainstemployeesandincludeprofessionalswhorecommendmeasurestobetakenbytheemployerregardingmanagerialissuesbyusinghisindependentjudgementintheinterestoftheemployer;
 
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%.(d)contractsofpersonalservicefornon-profitmakingpurposes;(e)contractsrefatingtopersonssuchasmembersoftheArmedForce,membersofthePoliceForce,employeesofstateadministration,judgesofcourtsoflaw,prosecutorsandotherswhoseemploymentrelationshipisgovernedbyspeciallaws;(f)contractsrelatingtoapersonwhoperformesanact,forconsideration,athisownbusinessorprofesionalresponsibility.3.NotwithstandingtheprovisionsofSub-Artice(1)ofthisArticle:(a)unlesstheCouncilofMinistersbyregulationsdecides,oranitnernationalagreementtowhichEthiopiaisasignatoryprovidesotherwise,employmentrelationbetweenEthiopiancitizensandforeigndiplomaticmissionsorinternationalorgamzationsoperatingwithintheterritoryofEthIopiashallbegovernedbythisproclamation;(b)theCouncilofMinistersmay,byregulations,determinetheinapplicabilityofthisProclamationonemploymentrelationses-tablishedbyreligiousorcharitableor-ganizations:c)theCouncilofMinistersshallissueregulationgoverningconditionsofworkapplicabletopersonalservices.PARTTWOEmploymentRelationsCHAPTERONEContractofEmploymentSECTIONONEFormationofContractofEmployment4.
Element
of
aContract
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Employment
1)Acontractofemploymentshallbedeemedformedwhereapersonagreesdirectlyorindirectlytoperformworkforandundertheauthorityofanemployerforadifiniteorindefinteperiodotpieceworkinreturnforwage.2)Acontractofemploymentshallbestipulatedclearlyandinsuchmannerasthatthepartiesareleftwithnouncertaintyastotheirrespectiverightsandobligationsunderthetermsthereof.3)Acontractofemploymentshallspecifythetypeofemploymentandplaceofworktherateofwages,methodofcalculationthereof,mannerandintervalofpaymentanddurationofthecontract.4)Acontractofemploymentshallnotbeconcludedfortheperformanceofunlawfulorimmoralactivities.5)Thecontractofemploymentshallnotlaydownlessfavourableconditionsfortheemployeethanthoseprovidedforbylaw,collectiveagreementorworkrules.
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5.
Form
Unlessotherwiseprovidedbylaw,acontractofem-ploymentshallnotbesubjecttoanyspecialform.
6.
Contract
of
Employmentmadeinwriting
Subjecttotheprovisionsoftherelevantlaw,awrittencontractofemploymentshallspecifythefollowing:1)thenameandaddressoftheemployer;2)thename,age,addressandworkcardnumber,ifany,oftheworker;3)theagreementofthecontractingpartiesmadeinaccordancewithArticle4Sub-Article(3)ofthisProclamation;and4)thesignatureofthecontractingparties.7.
Contract
of
EmploymentNotMadeinwriting
1.Wherethecontractofemployment-isnotmadeinwrittenform,theemployershall,within15daysfromtheconclusionofthecontract,givetheworkerawrittenandsignedstatementcontainingtherequirementsspecifiedunderArticle6ofthisProclamation.

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