DISEASES OF ECONOMIC CROPSREPRT ASSIGNMENT (YEAR TERM)DISEASES ON CHILLI (
L.)Jatu Barmawati (5410001273)ANTRACNOSE(
Colletrotichum capsici, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Colletotricum acutatumColletotrichum coccodes
Anthracnoses (from anthrax = carbon = black) are caused by fungi that produce conidiawithin black acervuli. Antrachnose can attack chilli from all growth stage from pre-harvestuntil post-harvest stage. This pathogen reported can make 84% crop losses when rainyseason and develop in high humidity after fruits started to ripen. This diseases caused bymany species of Colletotrichum,
Colletrotichum capsici, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides,Colletotricum acutatum Colletotrichum coccodes.
This fungi have teleomoph as
an include in Deutromycetes and Acomycetes fungi.
The disease appears as small circular spots that coalesce to form large elliptical spots onfruits and leaves. Under severe conditions, defoliation of affected plants occurs.
Thedisease has been observed to occur in three phases, they are: (i) Seedling blight or dampingoff, ii) Leaf spot and die back, and (iii) Anthracnose or fruit rot.