BISHAKHA DASROLL NO: 571112814
CENTRE CODE : 1626
MASTERS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONMB 00431
SEMESTERSET 1Q.1 Trace the phases of evolution of humanresource management.
The historical background to the management techniques of human resourcesare in vogue since ancient times. It's only in the past 100 odd years that thetechniques and study of human behavior at work has become formal andstructured with certain basic practices established as core and a host of otherpractices left to design and implement as per their individual business drivenpractices. As per Fisher, Schonfeldt and Shaw, in their book titled HumanResources Management, they have characterized the history of HRM as havingevolved through four broad phases, the Craft system, the scientific system,the human relations approach and the prevalent organizational science-humanresources approach.
The Craft system
refers to early trends noticed in Egypt and Babylon, whereskills based training was provided to people to ensure a steady flow of craftsmen required to build huge monuments. By the 13
century,subsequently the trend was noticed in Europe and later craft guilds evolved toensure not only the skill acquisition but regulate the conditions of employment, level of skill and improved production techniques. Most relevantin the domestic industry where generations of skilled workers trained andbecame experts in a particular skill.
The Scientific Management approach
was a key part of the industrialrevolution typical of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It wasinstilled in the principles of mass production and organization of work --simple work skills and supervisory/managerial skills. This rapidly emerged asthe assembly line approach to managing work flow, which later Fredrick Taylor