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Crab Pulsar

Crab Pulsar

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Abraxaz on Oct 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/16/2013

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Crab Pulsar
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Crab Pulsar
The Crab Nebula, which contains the Crab Pulsar. Image combines optical datafrom Hubble (in red) and X-ray images from Chandra (in blue). NASA/CXC/ASU/J. Hester et al.
Observation data
Epoch J2000Equinox J2000
 
05h 34m 31.97s
+22° 00' 52.1"'
(V)
 
 
16.5
CharacteristicsEvolutionary stage
U−B 
 -0.45
 
B−V 
 +0.5
 
(μ)
 
 
RA: -14.7±0.8
 
Dec.: 2.0±0.8
 
33.08471603 ms
 
958 years
 
SNR G184.6-05.8, 2C 481, 3C 144.0, SN 1054A, 4C 21.19, NGC 1952, PKS 0531+219, PSR B0531+21, PSRJ0534+2200, CM Tau.
Database referencesSIMBAD
 
 
The
Crab Pulsar
(PSR B0531+21) is a relatively young neutron star.The star is the central star in the Crab Nebula,a remnant of the supernova SN 1054,which was widely observed on Earth in the year 1054.
 Discovered in 1968, the pulsar was the first tobe connected with a supernova remnant.
 A slow-motion movie of the Crab Pulsar taken at 800 nm wavelength using a Lucky Imaging camera from Cambridge University,showing the bright pulse and fainter interpulse.The optical pulsar is roughly 25 km in diameter and the pulsar "beams" rotate once every 33 milliseconds, or 30 times each second. The outflowing relativistic wind fromthe neutron star generates synchrotron emission,which produces the bulk of the emission from the nebula, seen from radio waves through to gamma rays.The most dynamic feature in the inner part of the nebula is the point where the pulsar's equatorialwind slams into the surrounding nebula, forming a termination shock .The shape and position of this feature shifts rapidly, with the equatorial wind appearing as a series of wisp-like features that steepen, brighten, then fade as they move away from the pulsarinto the main body of the nebula. The period of the pulsar's rotation is slowing by 38nanoseconds per day due to the large amounts of energy carried away in the pulsarwind.
 X-ray picture of Crab pulsar, taken by Chandra  The Crab Nebula is often used as a calibration source in X-ray astronomy.It is very bright in X-rays and the flux density and spectrum are known to be constant, with the exception of the pulsar itself. The pulsar provides a strong periodic signal that is used tocheck the timing of the X-ray detectors. In X-ray astronomy, 'crab' and 'millicrab' aresometimes used as units of flux density. A millicrab corresponds to a flux density of about 2.4x10
−11
−1
cm
−2
(2.4x10
−14
−2
) in the 2
 – 
10 keV X-ray band, for a "crab-like" X-ray spectrum, which is roughly a powerlaw in photon energy,
 I(E)
=9.5
 E 
-1.1
. Very few X-ray sources ever exceed one crab in brightness.

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