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Kazi Nazrul Islam

Kazi Nazrul Islam

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Published by zahid_biswas5217
It is short biography of Bengali rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, who is also the national poet of Bangladesh.
It is short biography of Bengali rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, who is also the national poet of Bangladesh.

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Published by: zahid_biswas5217 on Jan 20, 2009
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02/10/2014

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Kazi Nazrul Islam
The National Poet of Bangladesh: A Profile Study
Compiled by  Aparna Chatterjee 
 
Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 – 1976) – He isknown as
Bidrohi Kobi 
- The Rebel Poet of Bengal, The National Poet of Bangladesh,and more truly a World Poet.Nazrul said, "Even though I was born in thiscountry (Bengal), in this society, I don'tbelong to just this country, this society. Ibelong to the world." [Nazrul Rochonaboli,Bangla Academy, Vol. 4, p. 91]He was a very versatile poet, lyricist andwriter who composed many beautiful verses of poems, prose, songs andclassical music.Nazrul known as the ‘Rebel’ poet in Bengali literature and the ‘Bulbul’ orNightingale of Bengali music, was one of the most colorful personalities of undivided Bengal. He may be considered a pioneer of post-Tagoremodernity in Bengali poetry. The new kind of poetry that he wrote madepossible the emergence of modernity in Bengali poetry during the 1920sand 1930s. His poems, songs, novels, short stories, plays and politicalactivities expressed strong protest against various forms of oppression -slavery, communalism, feudalism and colonialism - and forced the Britishgovernment not only to ban many of his books but also to put him inprison. While in prison, Kazi Nazrul lslam once fasted for 40 days to protestagainst the tyranny of the then British government.
 
Kazi Nazrul Islam was born on May 24, 1899 in Churulia village,Bardhawan in West Bengal, India. His mother was Zaheda Khatun and hisfather Kazi Fakir Ahmed was the
Imaam
of the local village mosque. Thesecond of three sons and one daughter, Nazrul lost his father in 1908 whenhe was only 9 years old and his father died at the age of 60. Nazrul’snickname was “Dukhu Mia” (hapless chap), a name that aptly reflects thehardships and misery of his life right from the early years. His father’spremature death forced him, at the age of 10, to become the
Muazzin
(acaller for prayer) of the local mosque. This early exposure to the principlesand practices of Islam was to have a significant impact on his later literaryendeavors.In 1910, at the age of 11, Nazrul returned to his student life enrolling inclass VI. The Headmaster of the school remembers him in the followingwords: “He was a small, good-looking boy, always the first to greet me. Iused to smile at him and pat him on the back. He was very shy.” Again, financial difficulties compelled him to leave school after class VI,and Dukhu Mia ended up as a cook in a bakery and tea-shop in Asansole.In his youth, Nazrul joined a folk-opera group inspired by his uncle BazleKarim who himself was well-known for composing songs in Arabic, Persianand Urdu. As a member of this folk-opera group, the young Nazrul was notonly a performer, but began composing poems and songs himself. Nazrul’sinvolvement with the group was an important formative influence in hisliterary career.Nazrul submitted to the hard life with characteristic courage. In 1914,Nazrul escaped from the rigors of the tea-shop to re-enter a school inDarirampur village, Trishal in Mymensingh district. Although Nazrul had tochange schools two or three times, he managed to continue up to class X,
 
and in 1917 he joined the Indian Army when boys of his age were busypreparing for the matriculation pre-test examination.For almost three years, up to March-April 1920, Nazrul served in the armyand was promoted to the rank of Battalion Quarter Master Havildar. Evenas a soldier, he continued his literary and musical activities, publishing hisfirst piece ‘The Autobiography of a Delinquent” 
(Saogat,
May 1919) and hisfirst poem, “Freedom” in
Bangiya Musalman. Sahitya-patrika,
(July 1919),during his posting at Karachi cantonment. What is remarkable is that evenwhen he was in Karachi, he subscribed regularly to the leadingcontemporary literary periodicals that were published from Calcutta like,
Prabasi, Bharatbarsha, Bharati, Saogat 
and others.When after the 1st World War in 1920, the 49th Bengal Regiment was
 
disbanded, Nazrul returned to Calcutta to begin his journalistic and literarylife. His poems, essays and novels began to appear regularly in a numberof periodicals and within a year he became well known not only to theprominent Muslim intellectuals of the time, but was also accepted by theHindu literary establishment in Calcutta. In 1921, Nazrul went toSantiniketan to meet Rabindranath Tagore – his master-poet, the source of his inspiration…The same year, Nazrul was engaged to be married to the love of his life -Nargis, the niece of a well-known Muslim publisher Ali Akbar Khan, inDaulatpur, Comilla, but on the day of the wedding (18th June, 1921)Nazrul suddenly backed out at the last moment, and left the place due tosome serious misunderstandings and disagreements. However, manysongs and poems reveal the deep wound that this experience inflicted onthe young Nazrul and his lingering love for Nargis.In 1922, Nazrul published a volume of short stories
Byathar 
Dan (The Giftof Sorrow), an anthology of poems
 Agnibeena,
an anthology of essays

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