O.D.M Computer & Mgt. Education
Organizational Effectiveness & Change (OBH-314)
What Is change? Is the organisational change necessary phenomenon? Are theremany types of change? Discuss.Ans.
Change is the process of analyzing the past to elicit the present actions required for the future.It involves moving from a present state through a transition state to a future desired state.Yes, organisational change necessary phenomenon. Organisational change is concerned as arelatively enduring alteration of the present state of an organisation or its components and their differentiated and integrated functions, in totality and partially in order to attain greater viability in thecontext of the present & anticipated future enrichment. It will include amalgamation, diversificationrestructuring change, in design or the introduce of new systems encompassing the entireorganisation or its sections. It will also mean change of people, taste and technology of theorganisation. It certainly includes change in processes customs, norms and culture of theorganisation.
Different types of changes are:-(i)Strategic change:
is concerned with broad long term and organisation will issue aboutmoving to a future state. Which he defined generally in term of strategic vision scope.
:- Refers to new system procedures structures or technology, which willhave an effect on working arrangements within apart of the organisation . but the impact on peoplecan be mere significance than broader strategic change they have to be handled just as carefully.(
iii) Reactive change
:- Is clearly in response to an event or a series of events are termedreactive. Generally most components are engaged in reactive after incremental change.
(iv) Anticipatory Change :-
is carried out expectation of an even or a series of event. Inanticipation of such change, the organisation may tune in.
is undertaken to imp upon the current ways of operating. It is also knowas development change.
is the change directed at the micro level and focused on the units/subunits components with in an organization.
(vii)Strategic Change:- Is
addressed to the organization as a whole or to most of theorganizations components inclusively strategy.
definition of current purpose or mission of the organization. It isalso know as basic change.
is towards a particular direction due to severe competition or regulatory sift in government policy & control. Directional change is also critical when anorganization is developing a new strategy.
Involves the entire or a greater part of the organisation. Itcould be change in the shape structure, or nature of the organisation.
involves a significant or drastic change in an organisation strategy.
When the organisation is constrained to develop new vision and strong linkbetween its strategy employees and business performance. The organisation has to achieve a turnaround.
Q.No. 2: Discuss nature of organisational change
Mean goals and the whole hierarchy of goals and sub-tasks required to secure them.For ex: The
task of earning a certain rate of profit implies a whole chain in of subtasks like producingsome specific product, allocating resource to marketing it, market segments, the appropriateadvertising budget and so on.
: - are the systematic procedures for converting inputs into outputs of given character.For ex. Strategic planning etc.