This is the beginning of a long journey of injustice to the state of Mysore and it’s people who are experiencing the
effects of this agreement to this date.
The agreement of 1924
In reality, the 1892 agreement was made applicable to all the rivers flowing in the state of Mysore. Accordingly, thestate of Mysore applied for permission to build a dam at Kannambadi as per the 1892 agreement. Madras however,refused to give its consent for this move. The relentless efforts of Nalvadi Krishnaraj Vodeyar, the then king of Mysorealong with his chief engineer Sir M Vishweshvaraiah resulted in the agreement of 1924 between Mysore and Madrasstates. The agreement was signed for a period of 50 years from 1924. As the agreement was letting Mysore to goahead with the construction of Kannambadi dam, it signed the agreement although it was heavily biased towardsMadras. The agreement also stipulated that Mysore was not to increase its area under irrigation more than 110,000acres beyond what was already existing, while the same cap for Madras Presidency was pegged at 301000 acres!
Madras was given a free hand in building any number of dams in it’s territory and Mysore was also allowed to build a
matching dam with a capacity 40% lower than that of the dam built by Madras! At the time of independence, the state of Mysore was expecting that all these unfair and biased agreements will go
away with British. Unfortunately, Mysore didn’t get any respite f
rom the unfair agreement of 1924. Mysore triedstarting a couple of new irrigation projects post-independence.
Roadblocks for Karnataka even in Independent India!
Yes, when Karnataka sought the permission of Government of India to start these new projects, the central govt
replied saying “First get permission from Tamilnadu! Resolve your conflicts with them and then come back!
” How can
anyone believe that Tamilnadu will give permission when it had opposed the very construction of Kannambadi itself ?Why s
hould we seek Tamilnadu’s permission? Is Karnataka a princely state of Tamilnadu? Karnataka went aheadand built 4 dams in it’s territory without worrying much about permission of Central or Tamilnadu governments. The
reservoirs that came up as a result were Hemavathi, Kabini, Haarangi and Suvarnavathi. The very construction of these reservoirs has led to the present day conflict of Kaveri river water sharing.
Tamilnadu, over several years discussed this issue with Karnataka and when Karnataka didn’t relent to it’s pressure
tactics, went to the Prime Minister and complained. Later, a private organization called
“Tamilnadu KaveriNeerappasan Vilaiporulugal Vivasaayigal Naala Urimai Podugappu Sangam”
approached the court with a complaint.Even the government of Tamilnadu filed a case in the court seeking to form a tribunal to settle this matter. After reviewing the matter, the honourable Supreme Court of India as per article 262 of the Constitution directed the UnionGovernment to form the The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal and Union government obliged by forming the same in1990.By the year 1971, Karnataka, which contributes more than 53% of water into Kaveri river was irrigating in 6.74 lakhacres of land, while Tamilnadu with a contribution of around 31% of water into Kaveri river was irrigating in 23.60 lakhacres of land. Today, Karnataka irrigates in around 11.2 lakh acres of land while Tamilnadu does it in 29.4 acres of land almost 3 times that of Karnataka. In 1968, with permission when Karnataka tried taking up Haarangi and Kabiniprojects, Tamilnadu went to the Supreme court with objection. Fearing delay in judgement, Karnataka went for acompromise by giving in writing that the state won't store water for more than 6 months in these reservoirs and won't