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Notes on Weather and Climate

Notes on Weather and Climate

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Published by Minchul Park
Macleans College Year 10 Social Studies notes
Hope this helps =D
Macleans College Year 10 Social Studies notes
Hope this helps =D

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Published by: Minchul Park on Oct 09, 2012
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10/09/2012

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Notes on Weather and Climate
Weather: the atmospheric conditions experienced by a place over a short period, such as dayClimate: the weather conditions of a place or region averaged over several decades
Elements of Climate
:-
 
Temperature: refers to how hot or cold the air is at a particular time. It is expressed indegrees on the Celsius or Fahrenheit scale and is measured by a thermometer-
 
Wind: refers to the movement of air. It is expressed in km per hour and measured with ananemometer-
 
Precipitation: refers to moisture which may take the form of rain, hail, snow, fog or dewExpressed as mL of water and is recorded by gauge over a period of time-
 
Sunshine (solar radiation): measured in hours by solar clock or sun dialNew Zealand
s climate patterns: climate in New Zealand is very changeable, with a typical patternbeing several fine, settled days interspersed with several days of unsettled weatherClimograph (graph about climate)The top dotted line graph shows thetemperature and the bar graph shows theprecipitation (i.e. rain).The temperature and rainfall are the averagefigures for each month (mean temperaturesand rainfall).
Controls of Climate
:-
 
Latitude: location on the globe in relation to the equator. Generally, closer to the equator,the warmer the temperature. Further away from the equator, the colder the temperature-
 
Relief: high landforms, such as mountains and ranges of hills that act as a barrier to airmovement (high relief produces orographic rainfall)-
 
Size of landform-
 
Altitude: height above sea level. Air cools 0.6
per 100m vertically-
 
Proximity to oceans-
 
Ocean currents-
 
Wind and pressure systems
 
Types of Rainfall
Convectional Rain: occurs when theground is heated by the sun causingthe air adjacent to it to heat, expandand start to rise. Most common inEquatorial areas (e.g. Amazon) wheredue to the constant high angle of thesun, it rains heavily most afternoonsFrontal / Cyclonic Rain: associated withdepressions (low pressure systems),Frontal or Cyclonic rain results fromwarm moist air (from the tropics)meeting colder drier polar air masses.Most of the rainfall experienced in thenorth and east of NZ is Frontal rainfallOrographic Rain (or relief rainfall): occurswhen warm moist air from the sea is blowninland. Example: Southern Alps andCanterbury PlainsChoropleth map: Choropleth map is used to show placesthat have:-
 
The same thing, such aspeople living there (population)-
 
Different amounts of thatthing, such as China having a bigger population thanSingaporeThis is Precipitation Map of New Zealand. Darker blueindicates intense rainfall and lighter blue shows lessintense rainfall.

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