World Bank Policy Advice on the Integration of Roma in the Slovak Republic
In October 2011, the World Bank was asked by the Slovak Ministry of Labor, Social Affairsand Family to analyze the situation of the marginalized Roma community and recommend policy solutions on how to better include them in the mainstream society focusing onemployment and social protection, financial inclusion, education, health, housing,monitoring and evaluation, and use of EU financing instruments. This overview of main findings complements the detailed report. It highlights the urgency of better integrating Roma in Slovakia and offers specific policy recommendations in each of the sectors. Incarrying out its analyses, the World Bank benefitted from a large household surveysponsored by the European Commission in 2011 and implemented by UNDP in collaborationwith the World Bank, which compensated for the chronic lack of data on how the Roma live. It also benefited from numerous discussions with officials from the relevant ministries, theOffice of the Plenipotentiary, various Slovak NGOs, and field visits to Eastern Slovakia. In particular, it follows team visits in: (i) November 2011 (planning workshop with MoLSAF and PPO); (ii) December 2012 (technical meetings with staff from ministries, internationalconference on monitoring and evaluation, and workshop with civil society); (iii) February2012 (joint conference on social benefits system in Slovakia and on the economic cost Romaexclusion); (iv) March 2012 (field visits and regional workshop in Kosice); (v) April 2012(field visits and regional workshop in Presov); (vi) May 2012 (Banking for Progressconference on financial inclusion); and, (vii) meetings with the relevant line ministries. It also benefited from a separate World Bank task for the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, and Family to analyze the Benefit in Material Need (BMN) and benefited from the inputs byUNDP and the Open Society Foundations (OSF).
The report and summary overview were prepared, in alphabetical order, by Ms. Rabia Ali(Consultant and Health Specialist), Ms. Ellen Hamilton (Senior Urban Planner), Mr. Sandor Karacsony (Consultant and Financial Inclusion Specialist), Ms. Barbara Kits (Consultant and Data Specialist), Mr. Joost de Laat (Senior Economist), Ms. Katarina Mathernova(Senior Advisor), Ms. Patrizia Poggi (Social Development Specialist), Ms. Claudia Rokx(Lead Health Specialist), Mr. Federico Torracchi (Consultant and Data Specialist), Ms. Maurizia Tovo (Lead Social Development Specialist), Ms. Nora Teller (Consultant and Housing Specialist), Mr. Michal Vasecka (Professor of Sociology), and Mr. Ethan Yeh(Economist). Ms. Anne Anglio (Senior Team Assistant) provided support..
Europe and Central Asia Vice President : Phillippe H. Le HouerouCountry Director : Peter HarroldSector Director : Ana RevengaSector Manager and Lead Economist : Roberta GattiTask Team Leader : Joost de Laat and Maurizia Tovo