of Genesis in the third heaven, mentioned in 2 Corinthians 12:2.
To these queries StPeter explicitly added his own interest in a logically organised (
) story of creation, one able to go beyond Moses’ ostensibly incongruous (
) presentation of the facts, and in bringing Genesis to an accord (
) withthe whole of Scripture.
In addition to the worries caused to him by the inadvertencesof the narrative, Peter was obsessed with finding out “the necessary order of creation”(
Thinking of the Nyssen’s approach to……….56……….such matters, as made obvious by his lengthy and erudite expositions on natural phenomena – with which I cannot deal in detail here – it seems that Peter was firstand foremost interested in the cosmic order, irrespective of Genesis. I shall return tothis point. But first we should note another point, which may explain why the
is sometimes considered a treatise concerned with metaphysical speculations. True,the Nyssen hinted that his younger brother was interested in certain mystical aspects,termed as “the darkness of vision of ineffable things” (
), inaccessible for those at the foothills of Sinai.
For some reason, however,and in stark contrast to his
On the Making of Man
, in which spiritual interpretationsabound, the Nyssen was not interested in such topics here – just as he was not steadilyconcerned with approaching Genesis exegetically, as we shall see in due course.St Gregory’s first reaction to the above criticisms was to justify his elder brother’s choice of circumventing the more delicate aspects of Genesis by his pastoralsensitivity. Thus, he noted that in his homilies St Basil purposely adopted a methodand a manner of speech which aimed at edifying the members of the congregation, both educated and uneducated.
The detractors could not grasp “the true purpose(
) pertaining to the teaching (
) of our father,” which led the Nyssen swiftly to discard as improper both their questions and the queries of StPeter.
Regarding Peter’s interest in mystical speculations, St Gregory urged him tolead the search by prayer only and guided by “the Spirit of revelation” (
We discern here an echo of the precautions taken by St Basil inthe prologue of the
when referring to the need for personal purification as a condition for loftier contemplations. In rehearsing the presuppositions of the prayerful life and divine illumination, St Gregory displayed hisown awareness of the difficulties inherent to such undertakings. His provisionnotwithstanding, by trusting in the prayers of his younger brother, the Nysseneventually accepted the challenge, which consisted in searching the Scriptures for theorder of things created.
We will see later that this amounted to taking Genesis as a pretext for an intricate and erudite depiction, scientific in nature, of physical phenomena. Whilst embarking……….57……….on this task, the Nyssen stated once again his reverence for St Basil and the latter’scelebrated homilies, whose authority on such topics was yet unsurpassed. By contrast,