USINGS FROM THE
By the time the spring reallycame, multiple governments hadbeen toppled, dictatorial leaderswere either killed or jailed, andArab countries were transitioningto new leadershipThe front four in the picturesufficiently demonstrate theseismic change underway in theregionThe challenges facing SaudiArabia include the Royal Family’ssuccession and legitimacy, andthe country’s energy strategy
The Arab Spring also extended into the Arabian Gulf countries withBahrain meriting the most media attention, but other countriesincluding Kuwait, Oman, Yemen and Saudi Arabia also felt the heat.By the time the spring really came, multiple governments had beentoppled, dictatorial leaders were either killed or jailed, and Arabcountries were transitioning to new leadership – not always to theliking of the U.S. The Arab Spring transitioned into Arab Winter andeventually into summer and fall.The political changes since that Tunisian protest have beendramatic, and they continue generating chaos throughout the region- including the recent mob attack on the U.S. Embassy in Cairo andthe terrorist attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, which killedour Libyan ambassador and three security guards. An October 10,2010 file photo (Exhibit 1) from the
highlights thedramatic leadership changes from the Arab Spring. The photoshows Arab and African leaders at the second Afro-Arab summitheld in Libya. In the front row of the photo, from left to right, areTunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, now in exile; his Yemenicounterpart Ali Abdullah Saleh, who is no longer the president butdoes still head his party; Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, killed byLibyan rebels; and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, convicted ofvarious crimes and now in jail. We have no idea whether any of theother leaders pictured have been deposed, but the front foursufficiently demonstrate the seismic change underway in the region.
Exhibit 1. Times In The Arab World Have Changed
While most attention has been paid to the North African countries,the protests in Saudi Arabia and the government’s response shouldbe studied for its impact on the global energy picture.
recently produced an excellent series on the challenges facing SaudiArabia – the Royal Family’s succession and legitimacy, and thecountry’s energy strategy. While the conclusions are that theKingdom faces these challenges, they are considered longer term