Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
GIT Anorexia PharmaPedia PharmaGates

GIT Anorexia PharmaPedia PharmaGates

|Views: 71|Likes:
Published by Islam Fawzy

More info:

Published by: Islam Fawzy on Oct 09, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





this material is free to be used in any educational procedure, downloaded , copied or shared once used without any content modification
Anorexia or anorexia nervosa
is an eatingdisorder causes people to obsess about their weight and thefood they eat characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food.
It's a serious psychological disorder,a condition that goeswell beyond out-of-control dieting
It's much more common in females than males.
People with anorexia nervosa:1. attempt to maintain a weight that's far below normal for their age and height (at least 15 per cent below what isexpected for a person's age, sex and height)2. It is self-induced weight loss caused by avoidingfattening foods and may involve taking excessiveexercise, using laxatives or diuretics
or enemas
or self-induced vomiting or overuseof diet pills to induce loss of appetite often to a point close to starvation .
There is no single cause for anorexia. Most experts have argued that the condition is caused by acombination of psychological, environmental and biological factors, which lead to a destructive cycleof behaviour.
 Psychological factors:
Psychological characteristics that can make a person more likely to develop anorexia nervosainclude:
this material is free to be used in any educational procedure, downloaded , copied or shared once used without any content modification
Low self-esteem
Feelings of ineffectiveness
a tendency towards depression and anxiety
excessive worrying and feeling scared or doubtful about the future
where a person restrains or controls their behaviour and expression
feelings of obsession and compulsion , an obsession is an unwanted thought,image or urge that rep
eatedly enters a person‘s mind. A compulsion
is a repetitivebehaviour or mental act that a person feels compelled to perform.
They may have an extreme drive for perfectionism , which means they may never thinkthey're thin enough.
 Avoidance of conflict with others.
 Environmental factors:
Most cases of anorexia develop during
,Itmay be that the combination of the hormonal changes duringpuberty and feelings of stress, anxiety and low self-esteemcould trigger anorexia.
Another important environmental factor is
Western cultureand society
where wide range of different media whichconstantly reinforce the message that being thin is the onlyway to be beautiful, and that thinness should be pursued atall costs.
a stressful life event, such as losing a job or a relationship
pressures and stress at school, such as exams or bullying
difficult family relationships
physical or sexual abuse
participation in an activity that demands slenderness , such as ballet
,gymnastics, or modeling.
It also includes having parents who are overly controlling, put a lot of emphasis on looks,diet themselves, or criticize
their children‘s bodies and appearance
this material is free to be used in any educational procedure, downloaded , copied or shared once used without any content modification
 Biological factors:
A genetic predisposition may bepartially responsible for the development of anorexia.
The genetic variant in serotonin receptorsfound in anorexics may predispose them tohigh levels of serotonin. At high levels,serotonin leads to anxiety. Serotonin levelsdecrease without access to food, so the self-starvation associated with anorexia will leavethe person feeling calmer and depression mayset in.
Once the person eats again, serotonin levels rise again, The increase in serotonin may re-trigger anxiety symptoms.Over time, the anorexic subconsciously learns to avoid anxiety byavoiding food thereby maintaining low serotonin levels.
Signs and Symptoms:
Physical symptoms of anorexia 
Physical signs and symptoms of anorexia include:
Extreme weight loss
Thin appearance
 Abnormal blood counts
Dizziness or fainting
 A bluish discoloration of the fingers
Brittle nails
Hair that thins, breaks or falls out
 Absence of menstruation for women and girls.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->