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Saitan or Iblish

Saitan or Iblish

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Published by Md. Naim Khan

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Published by: Md. Naim Khan on Oct 09, 2012
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12/31/2014

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, Most Gracious, Most MercifulMu` meneen Brothers and Sisters, As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.(May Allah`s Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you) The sayings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) I heard Allah`s Messenger (peace be upon him) as saying:‘The throne of Iblis is upon the ocean and he sends detachments (to different parts) in order to put people to trial; and the most important figure in his eyes is one who is most notoriousin sowing the seed of dissension (between a husband and wife).’Sahih Muslim Hadith 6754 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah Islamhelpline Mu` meneen Brothers and Sisters,As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah`s Peace, Mercy andBlessings be upon all of you) 
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
 
Assalamu Allikum,I would like to clarify the concept of IBLIS/Devil in Islam.Who is iblis? and how comehe or she got such high status to be with Allah along with Angels when he createdAdam & Eve? If he is a Jinn how come other Jinns don`t have the power like iblis?When Allah created Adam & Eve he allowed them to dwell in Paradise forever andonly becuze of iblis we are now on earth? Why did Allah punish us for iblis`swickedness and deception. Why should iblis the deciding factor among good and evilif human beeings are crated with their own free will to decide right and wrong?Plzexpalin with quranic qutes. JZK .Thank you
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forumdoes not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.) 
Answer:
 
Who is Iblis shaytaan
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guidethem aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: I would like to clarify the concept of IBLIS/Devil in Islam.Who isiblis?
 
Ref: Jinn:
the literal meaning of the Arabic term ‘jinn’ is something which is hidden or cannot be seen, thus it is not possible for a human being to see a jinn and their exact physical properties are kept unknown to man and known only by the Lord and Creator,Allah Subhanah.The ‘Jinn’ race, like the human race created after them, is a creation of Allah; whom likethe humans, Allah Subhanah created and bestowed upon them limited intelligence and alimited free will and involved them in a test for a period of one short and transitory life;and like the human race, they too will be gathered in the Presence of the Majestic Lord onan Inevitable Day of Judgment to give a full accounting of their deeds.Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 55 Surah Rahmaan verses 14-15:
14
He created man from sounding clay like unto pottery.
15
And He created Jinns from fire free of smoke. The Jinns are a complete different and distinct creation of the Lord whom He created froma smokeless flame of fire before He created man; they have their own lives, their own laws,families, emotions of joy, happiness, love, anger, and grief; and they too like the human beings can choose obedience or disobedience of their Lord as they will, for a period of onelife time.
Ref: Iblees :
the literal meaning of the term ‘Iblees’ is one who constantly doubts anddespairs. The name ‘Iblees’ is given to that one particular and specific Jinn who chose todisobey and challenge Allah Subhanah during the episode that occurred as related by AllahSubhanah in His Quran during the creation of Hadrat Adam (a.s.).Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 18 Surah Kahf verse 50:
50
Behold! We said to the Angels "Bow down to Adam": they bowed down except
Iblis . He was one of the Jinns , and he broke the Command of his Lord. 
Will ye thentake him and his progeny as protectors rather than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evilwould be the exchange for the wrongdoers! 
Ref: Shaytaan or (plural ‘ Shayateen ’):
The literal meaning of the Arabic term‘Shaytaan’ is one who transgresses the boundaries of Allah, or is a consistent disobedientor denier of the Truth.
 
A ‘Shaytaan’ can be one amongst the human beings or amongst the Jinns, for these tworaces alone have been bestowed a ‘free will’ to choose between obedience anddisobedience of their Lord amongst all His creation. All those amongst the Jinns and thehuman beings who follow the mission of disobedience of ‘Iblees’ are all termed‘Shaytaans’ by Allah Subhanah. Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 112:And so have We (Allah) always set against every Prophet enemies from among
Shaitaansof men and Shaitaans of jinns
, who inspire one another with flowery discourses by wayof deception.
 
 
Whenever Allah Subhanah refers to ‘As-Shaytaan’ (The Shaytaan) in the Glorious Quran,it refers to the accursed leader of the Shayateen, Iblees; and whenever the general term‘shaytaan’ or plural ‘shayateen’ is used, it refers to all those amongst the men and the jinnwho follow the mission of disobedience of the accursed Iblees. Thus in simple layman terms the ‘Jinn’ like the human race are a creation of AllahSubhanah whom He has bestowed with a free will for a limited period of one life time as atest to choose between obedience and disobedience of their Lord.The ‘Iblees’ is one amongst the Jinn who chose to disobey and challenge the Lord; and allamongst the Jinns and the human race who choose to follow the mission of disobedience of the Lord are all termed and known as the ‘shayateen’.
Your Question: ….and how come he or she got such high status to be with Allah alongwith Angels when he created Adam & Eve?
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 15 Surah Hijr verses 26-27:
26
We created man from sounding clay from mud molded into shape;
27
And the Jinn race We had created
before
from the fire of a scorching wind. In light of the guidance of the Quran and the authentic and established Sunnah, it is evidentthat the Lord Most High created Jinns before He Decreed the creation of man. Andcontrary to popular belief that the jinn ‘Iblees’ was a very devout and pious worshipper of Allah, and that is why he was present in the heavens when Allah created Adam (a.s.)….thetruth is that just as Allah Subhanah has Decreed the domain of man as this earth, thedomain of the Jinns (and the Angels) was the earth as well as the heaven….and when theLord Creator Decreed the initiation of His ‘best’ creation (man), He Willed and Declared tothe Angels as well as the Jinns to witness it and Commanded that they bow down unto him. Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 15 Surah Hijr verses 28-31:
28
Behold! Thy Lord said to the Angels: "I am about to create man from sounding clay;from mud molded into shape;
29
When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spiritfall ye down in obeisance unto him."
30
So the Angels prostrated themselves all of them together:
31
Not so Iblees: he refused to be among those who prostrated themselves. Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 34:
34
And behold, We said unto the Angels: "Bow down to Adam"; and they bowed; downnot so Iblees; he refused, and was haughty, he was of those who reject faith. 
Your Question: If he is a Jinn how come other Jinns don`t have the power like iblis?
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 18 Surah Kahf verse 50:
50
Behold! We said to the Angels "Bow down to Adam": they bowed down except
Iblis . He was one of the Jinns ,
and he broke the Command of his Lord. Will ye then take

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