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NYC Study of Waste-to-Energy Options

NYC Study of Waste-to-Energy Options

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2004 New York City Department of Sanitation study cataloging different methods of generating energy from the city's waste stream.
2004 New York City Department of Sanitation study cataloging different methods of generating energy from the city's waste stream.

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Published by: City Limits (New York) on Oct 09, 2012
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03/06/2013

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Evaluation of New and EmergingSolid Waste Management Technologies
Prepared for:New York City Economic Development CorporationandNew York City Department of SanitationSeptember 16, 2004
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page1.0 INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................12.0 SEARCH FOR NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES.......................................32.1 Summary of Search Process..........................................................................32.2 Description of Technology Categories............................................................52.2.1 Thermal................................................................................................52.2.2 Digestion (Aerobic and Anaerobic).......................................................52.2.3 Hydrolysis............................................................................................72.2.4 Chemical Processing...........................................................................72.2.5 Mechanical Processing for Fiber Recovery..........................................72.2.6 Other Technologies..............................................................................83.0 EVALUATION METHODOLOGY AND CRITERIA....................................................93.1 Development of Evaluation Methodology........................................................93.2 Evaluation Methodology and Criteria..............................................................93.2.1 Step 1: Selection of Technologies to be Evaluated(First-level Screening).....................................................................93.2.2 Step 2: Preliminary Review of Technologies(Second-level Screening)..............................................................103.2.3 Step 3: Detailed, Comparative Evaluation of Technologies...............104.0 SELECTION OF TECHNOLOGIES TO BE EVALUATED(FIRST-LEVEL SCREENING).................................................................................134.1 First-level Screening Criteria.........................................................................134.2 Results of First-level Screening....................................................................135.0 PRELIMINARY REVIEW OF TECHNOLOGIES(SECOND-LEVEL SCREENING)............................................................................195.1 Second-level Screening Criteria...................................................................195.2 Results of Second-level Screening...............................................................20
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
Page6.0 COMPARATIVE (DETAILED) EVALUATION OF TECHNOLOGIES.......................306.1 Comparative Evaluation Criteria...................................................................306.2 Anaerobic Digestion......................................................................................336.2.1 Arrow Ecology and Engineering.........................................................336.2.2 Canada Composting..........................................................................366.2.3 Orgaworld..........................................................................................406.2.4 Organic Waste Systems.....................................................................426.2.5 Waste Recovery Systems..................................................................456.3 Hydrolysis.....................................................................................................476.3.1 Masada Oxynol..................................................................................476.4 Thermal.........................................................................................................516.4.1 Dynecology........................................................................................516.5.2 Ebara.................................................................................................546.4.3 GEM America.....................................................................................576.4.4 Global Energy Solutions.....................................................................606.4.5 Interstate Waste Technologies...........................................................626.4.6 Pan American Resources..................................................................666.4.7 Rigel Resource Recovery..................................................................696.4.8 Taylor Recycling Facility....................................................................737.0 COMPILATION OF COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS.............................................777.1 Introduction...................................................................................................777.2 Readiness and Reliability..............................................................................777.3 Facility Size and Design Flexibility................................................................797.4 Utilization of Existing City Solid Waste Collection System............................817.5 Utility Needs..................................................................................................817.6 Beneficial Use of Waste and Marketability of Products.................................817.7 Residuals Requiring Disposal.......................................................................857.8 Environmental Impacts.................................................................................877.9 Estimated Cost.............................................................................................897.10 Experience and Resources of Project Sponsors...........................................917.11 Ownership Preference..................................................................................937.12 Risk Allocation..............................................................................................937.13 Other Criteria and Comparisons...................................................................938.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS......................................................................................988.1 Introduction...................................................................................................988.2 Status of Development..................................................................................998.3 Comparison to Conventional Waste-to-Energy Technology.......................101

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