THERMALFLUIDS LABCONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGEREMD5MIA
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TITLE: CONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER1.0
A heat exchanger is an equipment in which heat exchange takes place between2fluids that enter and exit at different temperatures. The main function of heatexchanger is toeither remove heat from a hot fluid or to add heat to the cold fluid. The direction of fluidmotion inside the heat exchanger can normally categorised as parallel flow, counter flow andcross flow. In this experiment, we study only the parallel flow and counter flow. For parallelflow, also known as co-current flow, both the hot and cold fluids flow in the same direction.Both the fluids enter and exit the heat exchanger on the same ends. For counter flow, both thehot and cold fluids flow in the opposite direction. Both the fluids enter and exit the heatexchanger on the opposite ends. In this experiment, we focused on the shell and tube heatexchanger. Examples in practice in which flowing fluids exchange heat are air intercoolersand preheaters, condensers and boilers in steam plant, condensers, condensers andevaporators in refrigeration units, and many other industrial process in which a liquid or gasis required to be either cooled or heated.There are three main types of heat exchanger:i.
RecuperatorFluids exchanging heat are on either side of a dividing wallii.
RegeneratorHot and cold fluids pass alternatively a sink and a source for heat flowiii.
Evaporative TypeA liquid is cooled evaporatively and continuously in the same space as the coolant.An example of the latter type is the cooling tower. Very ofte
n when term” heatexchanger” is
used it refers to the recuperative type, which is by far the most commonly used inengineering practice. The main purpose of heat exchanger is to remove the heat from the hot