How Bertrand Russell Became an Evil Man
byLyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.Reflections Upon Tragedy & Hope
PrologueThe spark of genius in the pre-school child, if it has not been destroyed already, is oftentypified by the Socratic manner in which the child asks "Why?" Sadly, in the United States in ourtimes, that spark of genius is usually soon quenched by the old dishwater of what Riesmantermed "other-directedness,"
by that peculiar turn of the sadistic screw sometimes namedeuphemistically empiricism and pragmatism. A child's spark of genius, the wont to find out howand why past or current opinions and events came into existence, is replaced by brutish faith inthe fruits of mere inductive generalization from individual and collective experience, a form of moral self-degradation often termed "practical common sense," or with credit given appropriatelyto bestiality, "horse sense."All of the truly great philosophers and teachers of the known history of Europeancivilization, beginning with the best of the Ionian Greeks, and associated famously with Plato'sAcademy at Athens, or Nicolaus of Cusa and Gottfried Leibniz, have evoked true genius fromwithin young people by recapturing that innate spark of potential, using what is most fairlydescribed as Socratic method. Formalism, by contrast, kills the soul, as this was recognized bythe most famous of the modern formalists, Venice's Pietro Pomponazzi,
who searched for hisown soul, and, poor schlemiel that he had become, reported that he had none.Thus, since it is that innate spark of potential for genius in every human child which sets allmankind absolutely apart from and above the beasts, we are able to recognize, as Philo of Alexandria shows this the necessary reading of Moses' first chapter of Genesis, that that qualityof genius is the human soul, is the aspect of the individual person which is, in the Latin of Nicolaus of Cusa, both imago Dei (the image of God) and capax Dei (the potential to participatein God).
Thus, the formalism which caused the loss of Pomponazzi's soul is intrinsically theadversary of the Good, is evil.Fortunately, in most cases it is possible to requicken the spark of genius innate to the newchild. All the great teachers did this. Every good teacher attempts to do that in some degree, inhis or her approximation of the Socratic method employed by Plato, Eudoxus, Theaetetus,Archimedes, Cusa, and Leibniz. One need but reawaken the genius of the child, by citing thepassword to genius, "Why?"Begin by choosing an important single event from history. Choose any such event in whichthere is evidence that the event was motivated by aid of some widely accepted, but fraudulentpretext. Seek to discover what motivated that fraud, and seek to uncover also the reasons thatfraud was tolerated by its dupes. Keep asking "Why"? Peel the onion, layer by layer, until thehistory embedded in that single act is brought to the surface. The result of that sort of Socraticexercise is a referent for the proper definition of the word "knowledge."So, let us begin.See in your mind's eye a B-29 bomber aircraft, called the "Enola Gay," flying to its hellishappointment, that horror-stricken summer's day in 1945.
Why did the United States government